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5 Leva 1922, Bulgaria

in Krause book Number: 34a
Years of issue: 12.1923 - 12.1933
Edition:
Signatures: Управител: Боян Дамянов (1920 - 1922), Касиєр: Димитър Попов
Serie: 1922 Issue
Specimen of: 1922
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 114 х 65
Printer: American Bank Note Company, New - York

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5 Leva 1922

Description

Watermark:

Avers:

5 Leva 1922

Around the edges is a frame with Bulgarian pattern.

герб

On top is the coat of arms of the Principality of Bulgaria, officially existed till 1908. It was used by Kingdom of Bulgaria till 1927, when new coat of arms was accepted - it was personal coat of arms of King Ferdinand I and his son - Boris III, but without dynastic characters.

Chief Bulgarian symbol - the scarlet shield, lion, depicted on it - gold. Crowned this song Bulgarian historical crown, which is also called the crown of the king of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom. Five crosses shown therein, one - above.

Two lions, executed in gold color, hold the shield from both sides.

Lions, in one form or another, is always present on the arms, seals and standards of the Bulgarian princes or kings. The very first recorded in the documents of the lion refers to 1294, in the first part of the scroll of the Lord Marshal description of the coat of arms of the king of Bulgaria was given. In describing the present silver lion crowned with a golden crown.

During the reign of Ivan Shishman (XIV century), his personal guard had shields decorated with the image of three red lions, located one above the din. This was reported by the Arab traveler, and now this record can be found in the National Library of Morocco. In 1595, the number of lions was reduced to one, which is depicted in red, standing on hind legs in the center of the shield. In the XVIII century animal coloring paint an alarming change in the grand gold. But the board, on the contrary, became crimson, and scarlet.

From 1881 to 1927 the coat of arms of the principality of Bulgaria began to look like a king, as the purple mantle was added, lined with ermine, and national flags.

Denominations in numerals are across all field of banknote, in words centered.

Revers:

5 Leva 1922

Pattern on background.

кошера

Centered are 2 Beehives, made of grass and reeds.

Beekeeping - favorite activity of the Bulgarian people since ancient times. Each apiary - from 150 to 200 hives in some cases - up to 700-800. According to the density of colonies country ranked one of the first places in the world. The highest achievement of the Bulgarian bee registered in the 70-80 years of the last century. Until 1990, the country's conclusions and sold about 100,000 fetal ewes annually.

Historical information about the development of beekeeping in the ancient Bulgarians are extremely scarce. Annals of scientists travelers, mainly Arabs and Greeks give to a certain degree of insight into the development of beekeeping and its role in the life of proto-Bulgarians and Bulgarians. The lands around the Azov Sea, the Volga and the Kama, inhabited by the ancient Bulgarians were favorable for beekeeping. In these places, the population was engaged in breeding of bees. Arab historian and traveler in X century - Ibn Fodlan - who visited Volga Bulgaria, in his book "The ways and the kingdoms" writes, that there Bulgarians engaged in the production of wheat, honey and leather.

When times Bulgarians Khan Asparuh reached the Balkan peninsula, they continued to engage in beekeeping. This is favorable climatic and geographic conditions. Only a small portion of the land was treated, and the rest was covered with diverse vegetation and mostly honey. The young Bulgarian state began to develop rapidly as a beekeeping country and compete with high-quality bee products - honey and wax - with Byzantium and its neighboring European countries. Arab historians and Abu Hamid Al Mukadesi, who visited Bulgaria several times and passed through it, mentioned in the notes of a lively trade honey and wax between Bulgarians and Byzantines. In XII-XIV century Bulgaria led trade with Italian republics. Into Bulgaria, came merchants from Genoa, Dubrovnik, Venice, Arabia, Byzantium and other places.

During Ottoman rule beekeeping also remained a favorite pastime of the Bulgarians. Rarely met yards in which there would be beehives.

In his "Autobiography and Description" Dr.Bogorov (in 1886) writes, that Bulgaria was the honey and wax, and many Bulgarians were 500 or more hives.

Long before the liberation of Bulgaria from the Turks European countries and Russia began to improve beekeeping. Introduced was folding beehive. Application of new methods in breeding bees. However, in Bulgaria, before her release and for some time thereafter, beekeeping remained primitive.

Russian-Turkish liberation war played a role for revolution in Bulgaria. Large landed estates passed into the hands of small owners. Gradually primitive hives were replaced collapsible. Create First beekeeping associations who promoted modern beekeeping and organized courses in its study. All this has given an impetus to the development of modern beekeeping in Bulgaria. If you make a thorough analysis of the development of beekeeping in Bulgaria, by its liberation from the Turkish yoke, and so far, it becomes clear that beekeeping in the country suffered a success in its development, mainly in the replacement of primitive hives collapsible, in the production of bee products - honey and wax.

Comments:

Designers: Димитър Гюдженов и Никола Кожухаров (Dimitar Gyudjenov and Nikola Kozhouharov).