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2 Krone on 1/2 Dinars 1919, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

in Krause book Number: 14a
Years of issue: 01.02.1919 - 1920
Edition:
Signatures: Министар Финансиjа: Момчило А. Нинчић (in office 1918-1919)
Serie: Krone Provisional Issue
Specimen of: 01.02.1919
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 82 х 51
Printer: National printing office, Paris

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2 Krone on 1/2 Dinars 1919

Description

Watermark:

Avers:

2 Krone on 1/2 Dinars 1919

Pattern on background.

coat of armsOn banknote is centered shield from the coat of arms of the Kingdom Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia 1918 till 1921.

On the model of the Serbian coat of arms, under the St Vitus's Day Constitution of 1921, the coat of arms of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia remained basically the same as that of the Stojan Protić government from December 1918 with only slight changes. The coat of arms consisted of a two-headed white eagle on a read shield, with crowns on each of its heads. The coat of arms of all three tribes remained on the shield on the eagle's chest, with slight changes. The Serbian coat of arms consisted of a white cross on a red shield with four firesteels in each corner of the cross; Croatian shield consisted of a 25-field red and silvery checkerboard; Slovenian coat of arms had three golden six-point stars above a white crescent on a blue shield.

Denominations in numerals are in top corners.

Revers:

2 Krone on 1/2 Dinars 1919

Pattern.

Denomination in numeral is centered. Right of denomination, in patterned window, are 3 letters - SSH - Serbia, Slovenia and Croatia (which starts in Yugoslavian languages from H).

Comments:

Designer: Menci Klement Crnčić (1865-1930).

The banknote has red overprint 2 Круна (Kronen)!

The krone was a short-lived, provisional currency used in parts of the then newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes which had previously been part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

After World War I, Austria-Hungary broke up into many states and its southeastern portion merged with Serbia to form the KSCS. The krone replaced the Austro-Hungarian krone at par on November 12, 1918. It circulated alongside the Serbian dinar in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia with an exchange rate of 1 Dinar = 4 Kronen. The exact date at which the krone ceased to circulate is unclear, with one source indicating that the krone was still in circulation at the end of 1922.

The 1919 First Provisional Issue of the Yugoslav krone was (very similar to the Banknotes of the Czechoslovak Koruna (1919) issued on 1912 Austro-Hungarian banknotes (with a black validating oval overprint) in 10, 20, 50, 100, and 1,000 Kronen denominations. The 1919 Second Provisional Issue contained the same denominations of 1912 Austro-Hungarian notes, but instead of an oval overprint, adhesive stamps were used for validation. The stamps on 10, 20 and 50 Kronen were trilingual (Serbian, Croatian, and Slovenian), while stamps on the 100 and 1000 krone notes could be any of the three languages.

A brief 1919 dinar issue (1⁄2, 1, and 5 Dinara) was replaced by the Ministry of Finance of the KSCS with a 1919 Krone Provisional Issue ("krone on dinar" notes), which were printed as Dinar and overprinted with Krone at the ratio of 1 Dinar = 4 Kronen. Denominations issued were 2, 4, 20, 40, 80, 400 and 4000 Kronen on 1⁄2, 1, 5, 10, 20, 100 and 1000 Dinara. Only the 2 Kronen on 1⁄2 dinar and 4 Kronen on 1 Dinar had variants without the overprint. It is as yet ambiguous as to whether the overprinted version was issued before or after.