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50 000 Rubels 1995, Belarus

in Krause book Number: 14b
Years of issue: 15.09.1995 - 01.01.2001
Signatures: Старшыня праўлення Нацыянальнага банка: Станіслаў Антонавіч Багданкевіч (1991 - 1995)
Serie: 1994 - 1996 Issue
Specimen of: 15.09.1995
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 150 x 69
Printer: Гознак, Московская печатная фабрика, филиал ФГУП "Гознак", Москва

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50 000 Rubels 1995



WatermarkWatermark - The Kholm Gate (Холмская брама, Холмскiя вароты). Please read obverse description!


50 000 Rubels 1995

Брестская крепость Брестская крепостьХолмские ворота (Холмская брама, Холмскiя вароты).

The Kholm Gate was one of the 4 gates leading into the Citadel of the Russian Brest Fortress. Kholm "Холм" is the east Slavic version of the town name Chełm as the road starting at the gate was once leading to Chełm. Hence the name of the gate Kholm Gate. It was designed in a classic style in the early 19th century. It faces the southern branch of the Mukhavets River. The outside façade of the gate was originally decorated with fanciful little turrets and a medallion. They are still there - the little turrets and the medallion – but they were disfigured forever during the opening hours of the war in June 1941. All the red bricks in the Kholm Gate are scarred by bullets and shells and blackened by smoke. Today this gate is an icon of the Brest Fortress.

Right of the image is Belorussian Rushnyk.

Rushnyk (Ukrainian: рушник, Belarusian: ручнік, ručnik, Russian: рушник, ручник) is a ritual cloth embroidered with symbols and cryptograms of the ancient world. They have been used in sacred Eastern Slavic rituals, religious services and ceremonial events such as weddings and funerals. Each region has its own designs and patterns with hidden meaning, passed down from generation to generation and studied by ethnographers.

To the left of the image gate placed a protective element. Top in patterned frame inscription "НАЦЫЯНАЛЬНЫ БАНК РЭСПУБЛІКІ БЕЛАРУСЬ РАЗЛІКОВЫ БІЛЕТ". At the bottom of the banknote denomination Set: 50000 ПЯЦЬДЗЕСЯТ ТЫСЯЧ РУБЛЁЎ. Over the denomination placed four lines of text shielding consisting of a repeating number 50000. On the right of the goal Kholmsky placed patterned element around which the inscription: БРЭСЦКАЯ КРЭПАСЦЬ - ГЕРОЙ "ХОЛМСКІЯ ВАРОТЫ". In the upper right corner of the banknote is placed НБРБ abbreviation.

In the lower right corner of the signature placed the head of the Board (under "СТАРШЫНЯ ПРАЎЛЕННЯ"). Under the signature vignettes placed inside patterned year - 1995.


50 000 Rubels 1995

Брестская крепость Брестская крепостьThe main entrance to Brest Fortress memorial.

The Main Entrance with a concrete rectangular block, featuring a five-pointed star, welcomes visitors to the memorial complex "Brest Hero-Fortress". A powerful blast seems to have torn this concrete monolith apart, making an opening in the shape of the star. The block is 44 meters long, 10 meters high, 35m wide. 700 cubic meters of concrete were consumed for its construction. The block rests on the old rampart of the fortress, spanning a passage below that is 18.5 meters wide. Red brick casemates in the shape of vaulted chambers can be seen underneath the ramparts. The passage walls are coated with polished dark granite which contrasts with red brickwork of the old casemates, creating a visual and emotional effect.

The elements of the star above are formed of concrete in situ. The raw béton brut surface of the monolith took on texture of timber formwork, adding some dramatic tension to the structure. This effect is enhanced by the played back radio program that starts with the tuning signal of the USSR national radio broadcaster, that was a musical phrase of the well-known song in the USSR, composed by Isaak Dunayevsky. Next the famous radio speaker Yuri Levitan is reading out the breaking news about the treacherous attack on the USSR by the armed forces of the Nazi Germany. The song «Arise, Great Country!», composed by the famous Soviet composer Alexander Aleksandrov and performed by the ensemble named after him, finishes the program. It is interrupted by the noise of bombardment and shooting.

There is a plaque on the brick wall of the casemate. It quotes the text of the Decree of Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet in the Russian and Belorussian languages about awarding to the Brest fortress the honorary "Hero-Fortress".

The star-shaped passage of the entrance opens a view on the central part of the fortress.

The Main Entrance underwent major repairs and restoration in 2004-2005.

Brest Fortress (Belarusian: Брэсцкая крэпасць, Brestskaya krepasts' ; Russian: Брестская крепость, Brestskaya krepost'; Polish: Twierdza brzeska), formerly known as Brest-Litovsk Fortress, is a XIX-century Russian fortress in Brest, Belarus, the former Byelorussian SSR. Following the war, in 1965 the title Hero-Fortress was given to the Fortress to commemorate the defence of the frontier stronghold during the first weeks of the German-Soviet War, specifically the invasion on June 22, 1941 (Operation Barbarossa). The title Hero-Fortress corresponds to the title Hero City, that was awarded to an eventual total of twelve Soviet cities. Brest Fortress is situated at an height of 135 meters. (Брестская крепость - мемориальный комплекс .rus).

Bottom right and top left of the image is specified denomination - 50000. Above image inscription "БРЭСЦКАЯ КРЭПАСЦЬ - ГЕРОЙ" "УВАХОД У МЕМАРЫЯЛ". In the upper part of the banknote denomination specified words ПЯЦЬДЗЕСЯТ ТЫСЯЧ РУБЛЁЎ. Series and number of the banknote are indicated at the bottom left and top right relative to the central image.



Withdrawn from circulation since January 1, 2001.

50000 rubles series of 1995 were issued in 19 prefixes: Ка, Кб, Кв, Кг, Ке, Кз, Кк, Кл, Км, Кн, Кп, Кр, Кс, Ла, Лб, Лв, Лг, Ма, Мб. Ла, Лб, Лв, Лг - in 1997, Ма and Мб - in 1998. ( .rus)

There are several varieties, differing text on the security thread and watermark width:

The security thread with "PБ50000" sign, water mark "narrow gates";

The security thread with "PБ50000" inscription, watermark "Gates wide";

The security thread with "NBRB" sign, water mark "narrow gates";

The security thread with "NBRB" inscription, watermark "Gates wide."

WatermarkThis banknote has security thread with PБ50000 inscription, watermark "Gates wide"!!!