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5 Dollars 2016, Australia

no number in katalog -
Years of issue: 01.09.2016
Edition: 170 000 000
Signatures: Governor, Reserve Bank of Australia: Mr. Glenn Stevens (in office from 18.09.2006 till 17.09.2016), Secretary to the Treasury: Mr. John Fraser
Serie: Polymer Serie
Specimen of: 12.04.2016
Material: Polymer
Size (mm): 130 x 65
Printer: Note Printing Australia, Craigieburn, Melbourne

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5 Dollars 2016

Description

Watermark:

5 dollars 2016 AustraliaSeven-rayed star, denomination 5, Federation Pavilion in Sydney Park, flying (when you turn the bill), and sitting on a branch, The eastern spinebill (Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris) and seeds with a branch of prickly-leaved wattle (Acacia verticillata).

Federation Pavilion in Sydney ParkThe photo from website Centennial Parklands

At bottom is the old Federation pavilion in Sydney park.

A little bit of history: It was early afternoon on New Years Day, 1901 and more than 60,000 people had gathered in Centennial Parklands, dressed in their Sunday best, to witness the proclamation of the Commonwealth of Australia.

The Great Inaugural Procession had already made its way through the streets of Sydney and dignitaries, politicians and community leaders were taking their places for the most significant event this young country had witnessed so far.

As the hour approached for the signing of the documents, all eyes fixed on the temporary pavilion in the center of the valley, constructed especially for the occasion. The Pavilion - a 14 meter high, octagonal, domed structure made of plaster of Paris - was richly decorated with bas-relief castings of native flora and the imperial coat of arms (the original design can be seen on the Australian $5 notes). Inside the structure sat a stone obelisk - the 'Federation Stone' - created to symbolize the coming together of the states and territories.

And so, as history informs us, at 1.00 pm, 1 January 1901, the Queen's Proclamation was read, the Governor-General and Federal Ministers were sworn in and a 21-gun salute declared the people from Australia's six separate colonies united in a Federal Commonwealth of Australia.

After its auspicious beginnings, the site of the original pavilion fell into a state of decline as the plaster of Paris quickly degraded, until in 1903 it was removed altogether.

The Federation Stone which had been housed within the pavilion was later placed on a sandstone pedestal and surrounded by an iron picket fence in 1904. It remained there until the new Federation Pavilion was opened in 1988 as part of the Bicentennial Celebrations. (Centennial Parklands англ.)

5 dollars 2016 Australia 5 dollars 2016 AustraliaThe eastern spinebill (Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris) and seeds with branch of Acacia verticillata.

5 dollars 2016 AustraliaThe eastern spinebill (Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris) is a species of honeyeater found in south-eastern Australia in forest and woodland areas, as well as gardens in urban areas of Sydney and Melbourne. It is around 15 cm. long, and has a distinctive black, white and chestnut plumage, a red eye, and a long downcurved bill.

The male eastern spinebill is 13-16 cm. (5-6.5 in.) long, and has a long thin downcurved black bill with a black head, white throat with a reddish patch and red iris. It has a brownish-red nape, a grey brown back and pale cinnamon underparts. The dark tail is tipped with white laterally. Females and juveniles are smaller and duller. The call is a rapid piping.

Eastern spinebills are found in dry sclerophyll forest, scrub and heathland from the Cooktown area in North Queensland south through New South Wales east of the Great Dividing Range, through Victoria and into the Flinders Ranges in eastern South Australia as well as throughout Tasmania. Adaptable, they can be found in urban gardens with sufficient vegetation to act as cover and a food source.

5 dollars 2016 AustraliaPrickly-leaved wattle (Acacia verticillata) Acacia verticillata (prickly Moses; prickly-leaved wattle; star-leaved acacia; prickly mimosa; whorl-leaved acacia) is a perennial shrub to small tree native to Australia and Tasmania. The species is a common understorey shrub in both wet and dry sclerophyll forests as well as scrub and heath. In coastal environments it will often have much wider leaves as opposed to the regular needle-like nature of inland specimens.

5 dollars 2016 Australia 5 dollars 2016 AustraliaIn lower right corner is the seven-pointed Commonwealth Star or Star of Federation above a blue and gold wreath, forming the crest. Six of the points on the star represent the original six states, while the seventh point represents the combined territories and any future states of Australia. In its entirety the shield represents the federation of Australia.

Avers:

5 Dollars 2016

HM The Queen Elizabeth II. It were added a couple shadow strokes to the portrait.

HM Queen Elizabeth IIThe engraving on banknote, probably, is based on a photograph from this session, made by John Lawrence in the middle of 1980-th.

This informal portrait of The Queen appears on the 5-dollar note issued in Australia from July 1992. Her Majesty is shown wearing a simple dress, a string of pearls (that had come to Queen Victoria from her Hanoverian inheritance) and Queen Alexandra’s Cluster Earrings. Also Her majesty wearing the Modern Ruby Brooch.

The Two Strand Hanoverian Pearls

The Two Strand Hanoverian Pearls.

The Hanoverian pearls, which came to Britain with King George I and included pearls once owned by Mary, Queen of Scots. Queen Victoria left the pearls to the Crown in her will. Queen Alexandra wore the pearls at her coronation. The two strand necklace with diamond clasp may be part of those Hanoverian pearls, it is not often worn by the Queen. (From her Majesty's jewel vault)

The Modern Ruby Brooch

The Modern Ruby Brooch.

Another of the brooches acquired by the Queen is this arched design. A modern design of gold with diamonds and diamond-topped sprays, it is accented with a row of rubies on one side. The generic shape of this one, and its light use of rubies (allowing it to be paired with red and pink outfits but with other colors as well) make it easy for the Queen to pair with outfits, and she's worn it for decades. (From her Majesty's jewel vault англ.)

Queen Alexandra’s Cluster Earrings

She is also wearing Queen Alexandra’s Cluster Earrings. The wedding gift from the future King Edward VII to his bride, Alexandra of Denmark. Also known as Queen Alexandra's Cluster Earrings, these two button earrings have large pearls surrounded by diamonds - 10 larger stones each plus smaller filler stones to create a full diamond ring. Like the brooch, these passed to the Queen via Queen Mary. They're now worn primarily at evening functions. "From her Majesty's Jewel vault".

The portrait was commissioned by the Reserve Bank of Australia in 1984 and The Queen gave her approval for the use of this portrait on an Australian note in 1988.

In top left corner are the eastern spinebill (Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris) and seeds with a branch of prickly-leaved wattle (Acacia verticillata) (please read watermark description).

Denomination in numeral is in top right corner. In words on right side, vertically.

Revers:

5 Dollars 2016

The new Parliament House, which was opened in 1988, is centered.

Parliament houseCentered, above is the new Parliament house in Canberra.

In 1978 the Fraser government decided to proceed with a new building on Capital Hill, and the Parliament House Construction Authority was created. A two-stage competition was announced, for which the Authority consulted the Royal Australian Institute of Architects and, together with the National Capital Development Commission, made available to competitors a brief and competition documents. The design competition drew 329 entries from 29 countries.

The competition winner was the New York-based architectural firm of "Mitchell/Giurgola", with the on-site work directed by Italian architect Romaldo Giurgola, with a design which involved burying most of the building under Capital Hill, and capping the edifice with an enormous spire topped by a large Australian flag. The facades, however, included deliberate imitation of some of the patterns of the Old Parliament House, so that there is a slight resemblance despite the massive difference of scale.

Giurgola placed an emphasis the visual aethestics of the building by using landscape architect, Peter G. Rolland to direct civil engineers, a reversal of the traditional roles in Australia. Rolland played a pivotal role in the design, development and coordination of all surface elements including pool design, paving, conceptual lighting and art work locations. Horticultural experts from the Australian National Botanic Gardens and a government nursery were consulted on plant selection. Permanent irrigation has been limited to only the more formal areas.

Construction began in 1981, and the House was intended to be ready by Australia Day, 26 January 1988, the 200th anniversary of European settlement in Australia. It was expected to cost A$220 million. Neither the deadline nor the budget was met. The building was finally opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 9 May 1988, the anniversary of the opening of both the first Federal Parliament in Melbourne on 9 May 1901 by the Duke of Cornwall and York (later King George V), and of the Provisional Parliament House in Canberra on 9 May 1927 by the Duke of York (later King George VI).

The flag flown from the 81 meters (266 foot) flagpole is 12.8 m by 6.4 m (42 ft by 21 ft), about the size of half a tennis court. The flagpole weighs 250 tonnes and is made of polished stainless steel from Wollongong. It was designed to be the pinnacle of Parliament House and is an easily recognizable symbol of national government. It is visible by day from outside and inside Parliament House and floodlit at night. The flag itself weighs approximately 15 kg (33 lb.).

The site covers 80 acres (32 hectares). The building was designed to "sit above" Old Parliament House when seen from a distance. The building is four meters (13 feet) higher than the original height of the hill. About one million cubic meters (35,000,000 cubic feet) of rock had to be excavated from the site. It was used to fill low-lying areas in the city. Most of the granite used was sourced from Australia. Twice the amount needed was quarried as a very high standard of granite was required particularly for the curved walls.

It was proposed originally to demolish Old Parliament House so that there would be an uninterrupted vista from the New Parliament House to Lake Burley Griffin and the Australian War Memorial, but there were successful representations for preservation of the historic building, which now houses a parliamentary museum.

The original idea was for Parliament House to be open freely to the public, and the sweeping lawns leading up to the entrances were intended to symbolize this. The building is a major visitor attraction in Canberra with about 1 million visits each year. With the increased risk of terrorist attacks in recent years, the security of Parliament House has been increased greatly. One result has been the construction of crash barriers blocking vehicular access to the lawns.

Plan inside

In lower right corner is a plan of the New Parliament House. This was based on the Design Development Landscape Plan, which was provided by the Parliament House Construction Authority.

old Parliament houseAerial view of Parliament house.

The geometric patterns on the back of the $5 banknote are based on architectural features of the New Parliament House. The patterns represent the entrance to the ministerial wing, the skylight in the Members Hall and the skylight in the Main Committee Room.

Denomination in numeral is in lower right corner. In words on right side, vertically.

Comments:

The unique design of bills designed to facilitate the handling of money and the visually impaired to save the new money from counterfeiting. On the banknotes received in circulation on September 1 is still displayed the Queen of England.

In the center is the transparent panel. On it - several animated parts. If you turn the bill, you will see the Australian bird - Eastern shiloklyuvogo medososa, flapping wings.

At the bottom of the transparent window shows Federation Pavilion, the building in a suburb of Sydney, was built in memory of the creation in 1901 of the Commonwealth. At the Pavilion number 5 appears which turns to keep the bill of one or the other side depending on the direction of movement of the bill. Also, there are two convex element. According to him the bill can be identified visually impaired.

These elements have appeared thanks to Sydney teenager Connor MacLeod. He filed a discrimination complaint to the Australian Human Rights Commission and a petition calling for action to change banknotes. Previously, there was no money in the Australian similar elements.