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50 Pfennig 1920, Nörenberg, Germany

Manfred Mehl. Deutsche Serienscheine Number: 979.1
Years of issue: 01.06.1920
Edition: --
Signatures: Bürgermeister: Streit
Serie: Notgeld
Specimen of: 01.06.1920
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 76 х 50
Printer: Rats-Druckerei - R.Duke, Glauchau i. Ga.

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50 Pfennig 1920, Nörenberg

Description

Watermark:

Avers:

50 Pfennig 1920, Nörenberg

Along the perimeter is a flower ornament of acanthus leaves.

The inscription centered: "Fünfzig Pfennig zahlt die städtische Sparkasse dem Einlieferer dieses Scheines Die Gültigkeit dieses Notgeldscheines erlischt 3 Monate nach erfolgter ortsüblicher Bekanntmachung."

In English:"50 pfennig shall be paid by the municipal savings bank to the consignor of the voucher. The validity of this voucher will be extinguished 3 months after the public announcement has been made."

wappenCentered is the coat of arms of Nörenberg - red eagle.

Denominations in numerals are in lower corners and above.

Revers:

50 Pfennig 1920, Nörenberg

Nörenberg

Below is depicted a huge cancer on the giant chain and a quote, that refers to a poem by Hugo Hugo Kacker - "The great cancer of Enzigsee" ( "Der große Krebs im Enzigsee").

Though, the legend is as follows:

Far above Norenberg, they were well known, the verses which carried the legend of "Great Cancer" across the world on many postcards or emergency notes. This took place partly as a multi-postural poem (see below), partly in a shortened or even alienated version. Further examples are e.g. On postcards and emergency money notes.

Nörenberg Nörenberg Nörenberg

By the way, the legend is not as old as one would expect. Among the fresh water crises, where Lake Enzig and the many surrounding lakes were very rich, a disease broke out at the end of the 19th century, which the people simply described as a "cancer plague". At that time, due to structural defects, stones were crumbling out of the tower of the town church, the story developed that the "Great Cancer" was the monster who nibbled the stones of the church tower at night, which is why he was simply captured by the Norenbergers A tree stump, which was located at a waterhole, the so-called "Pupkenloch".

Nörenberg Nörenberg

However, when this waterhole gradually dried up and the "great" was taken away, it was "preserved" and placed near the former bleaching spot as a visible sign of the truth content of the legend. This measure can be referred to as a clever marketing idea.

In the 1920s, after the transfer of the bath, it was again the move for the "most famous Nörenberger". For this purpose, the magistrate had arranged a well-kept promenade, along the eastern bank, where one could easily reach the bath establishment as well as the two excursion lounges, the "Parkhaus" and "Waldhalle". Exhibited at the Waldhalle, the "Great Cancer" found his home at that time. (www.ebog.de ger.)

Comments:

Designer: Robert Koch.

Notgeld (German for "emergency money" or "necessity money") refers to money issued by an institution in a time of economic or political crisis. The issuing institution is usually one without official sanction from the central government. This occurs usually when sufficient state-produced money is not available from the central bank. Most notably, notgeld generally refers to money produced in Germany and Austria during World War I and the Interbellum. Issuing institutions could be a town's savings banks, municipality and private or state-owned firms.

Notgeld was mainly issued in the form of (paper) banknotes. Sometimes other forms were used, as well: coins, leather, silk, linen, postage stamps, aluminium foil, coal, and porcelain; there are also reports of elemental sulfur being used, as well as all sorts of re-used paper and carton material (e.g. playing cards). These pieces made from playing cards are extremely rare and are known as Spielkarten, the German word for "playing card".

Notgeld was a mutually-accepted means of payment in a particular region or locality, but notes could travel widely. Notgeld is different from occupation money that is issued by an occupying army during a war.