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50 Pfennig 1920, Rusnė, Germany

no number in katalog -
Years of issue: 01.07.1920
Edition: -
Signatures: Unknown signature
Serie: Notgeld of East Prussia (today Lithuania)
Specimen of: 1920
Material: Paper
Size (mm): 83 х 52
Printer: Otto Sekunna & Sohn, Heydekrug

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

50 Pfennig 1920, Rusnė

Description

Watermark:

watermarkOn the note is the watermark in form of letters. Till now I could not clearly read these letters, but, looks like, the inscription begins with the letters SW and ended with letters EL. Also, so far I failed to establish a connection between those characters and the printer of banknote - firm "Otto Sekunna & Sohn, Heydekrug".

Avers:

50 Pfennig 1920, Rusnė

Text on banknote:

Top - "Talon of cash substitution in the amount of 50 Pfennig.

Supported by finances of community of Rusne (Ruß). Payable until its official withdraw by community of Russ. The community board".

Ruß Ruß RußThe name derives perhaps from her Scandinavian tribe of Rus.

In the dialect of the settled at the Memel Baltic scarf Scalovians name means place, that is bathed.

The Scalovians (German: Schalauer; Lithuanian: Skalviai), also known as the Skalvians, Schalwen and Schalmen, were a Baltic tribe related to the Prussians. According to the Chronicon terrae Prussiae of Peter of Dusburg, the now extinct Scalovians inhabited the land of Scalovia south of the Curonians and Samogitians, by the lower Neman River ca. 1240.

Rusnė was born in the middle of XII century, when Teutonic Order gradually began to establish itself on the shores of the Baltic sea and Curonian lagoon region. The year 1366 was very important for Rusnė as the town and island‘s name was mentioned for the first time in the letter telling about Vorusnė village and the branch of Nemunas called Rusnė.

Having settled down and accustomed to the rhythm of island life, in 1448 citizens of Rusnė partied in the town’s first tavern and in 1583 their great-grandchildren started attending first school in the island. In 15th century the town gradually grew: new taverns and boutiques opened their doors, book lovers used to search for reading material in library and bookstores, locals worked in the mill and sawmill. During the special occasions citizens of Rusnė refreshed themselves with famous punch made in the island. Already in 16th century Rusnė was famous for its weekend markets, since 1792 they were held officially. In XVIII - XIX centuries people of Rusnė often had to endure wartime difficulties as the Prussian state which Rusnė belonged to was frequently involved in wars. But this only strengthened the community of island.

During XX century the face of Rusnė began to change, little by little. The city became increasingly less populated with Germans, which previously accounted for the majority of the citizens. Legal status of Rusnė also changed several times: in 1946 Rusnė was granted city rights, in 1967 the whole Rusnė island became a city and in 1997 Rusnė became a small city.

In 1914 the bridge was built over the river Atmata. It became the main path for everyone wishing to explore the island. However, at the end of the World War I the bridge was destroyed. It took six decades for it to be rebuilt. During 1974 the new bridge was finally built. It was frequently used by fishing professionals and amateurs, ichthyologists, ornithologists, nature and ethnic culture explorers, lovers of peace and water – by everyone who wanted to travel to the only island in Lithuania. Today the bridge of Rusnė is used by thousands of people – citizens of Rusnė, tourists and other curious minds. After their very first visit people often return, knowing that they are always welcomed in Rusnė. (salarusne.lt)

Denominations in numerals are in all corners and centered. In words centered.

Revers:

50 Pfennig 1920, Rusnė

Text on banknote:

"This coupon is valid only on Russ (Rusne) district territory".

Denominations in numerals are in all corners and centered. In words centered.

Comments:

Rusnė (German: Ruß) is a border town in Šilutė district, Lithuania, located on the Rusnė Island in the Nemunas Delta, 9 km. south-west from Šilutė.

Some parts of the town of Rusnė near Lake Dumblė are located below the sea level and are the lowest in Lithuania.

Rusnė is on the Russian border, which is marked by the Skirvytė river.

Rusnė town and Rusnė island is very popular place for angling, as Nemunas delta is rich in various kinds of fish, and tourism infrastructure is built up in recent years. It is also a popular place for birdwatching.