header Notes Collection

20 Piso 1981, Philippines

in Krause book Number: 162a
Years of issue: 1981
Edition: --
Signatures: Pangulo NG Pilipinas (President of the Philippines): Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos (in office from 30.12.1965 until 25.02.1986), Tagapangasiwa NG Bangko Sentral (Governor of the Central Bank): Jaime C. Laya (in office from 1981 until 1984)
Serie: 1974 - 1975 Issue
Specimen of: 1974
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 160 х 66
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Muenchen

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

20 Piso 1981




Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina.

Overprint: Ang Bagong Lipunan (New society).


20 Piso 1981

Manuel Luis QuezonManuel Luis Quezon y Molina (August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944) was a notable Philippine statesman, soldier, and politician. He was a Spanish Filipino; his parents were both Spanish Mestizos.

He served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. He was the first Filipino to head a government of the Philippines (as opposed to other historical states), and is considered to have been the second president of the Philippines, after Emilio Aguinaldo (1897-1901).

Quezon was the first Senate president elected to the presidency, the first president elected through a national election and the first incumbent to secure re-election (for a partial second term, later extended, due to amendments to the 1935 Constitution). He is known as the "Father of the National Language".

During his presidency, Quezon tackled the problem of landless peasants in the countryside. Other major decisions include reorganization of the islands' military defense, approval of recommendation for government reorganization, promotion of settlement and development in Mindanao, dealing with the foreign stranglehold on Philippine trade and commerce, proposals for land reform, and opposing graft and corruption within the government. He established an exiled government in the U.S. with the outbreak of the war and the threat of Japanese invasion.

It was during his exile in the U.S. that he died of tuberculosis at Saranac Lake, New York. He was buried in the Arlington National Cemetery until the end of World War II, when his remains were moved to Manila. His final resting place is the Quezon City Memorial Circle.

In 2015, the Board of The International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation approved a posthumously bestowal of the Wallenberg Medal upon President Quezon and to the people of the Philippines for having reached-out, between 1937 and 1941, to the victims of the Holocaust. President Benigno Aquino III, and María Zeneida Quezon Avanceña, who is 94 years old and the daughter of the former President, were duly informed about this recognition.

The seal of National Bank, type 2. On seal is the allegory of progress.

Denominations in numerals are in three corners. In words lower, centered.


20 Piso 1981

Malacañan Palace Malacañan PalaceMalacañan Palace before the reconstruction in 1978.

Malacañan Palace (officially Malacañan Palace, colloquially "Malacañang" Filipino: Palasyo ng Malakanyang; Spanish: Palacio de Malacañan) is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the Philippines.

The original structure was built in 1750 by Don Luís Rocha as a summer house along the Pasig River. It was purchased by the state in 1825 as the summer residence for the Spanish Governor-General. After the June 3, 1863 earthquake destroyed the Palacio del Governador (Governor's Palace) in the walled city of Manila, it became the Governor-General's official residence. After sovereignty over the Islands was ceded to the United States in 1898, it became the residence of the American Governors, with General Wesley Merritt being the first.

Since 1863, the Palace has been occupied by eighteen Spanish Governors-General, fourteen American Military and Civil Governors, and later the Presidents of the Philippines. The Palace had been enlarged and refurbished several times since 1750; the grounds were expanded to include neighboring estates, and many buildings were demolished and constructed during the Spanish and American periods. Most recently, the Palace complex was again drastically remodeled and extensively rebuilt during the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos.

Among the presidents of the present Fifth Republic, only Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo has actually lived in the main Palace, with all others residing in nearby properties that form part of the larger Palace complex.

The Palace has been seized several times as the result of protests starting with the People Power Revolution, the 1989 coup attempt (when the Palace was buzzed by T-28 Trojans); the 2001 Manila riots; and the EDSA III or May 1 riots.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. In words centered, at bottom.