header Notes Collection

1 Jiao 1953, China

in Krause book Number: 863
Years of issue: 01.03.1955
Signatures: no signature
Serie: 1953 Issue
Specimen of: 1953
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 115 х 52.5
Printer: China Banknote Printing and Minting Corporation (CBPM)

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Jiao 1953




1 Jiao 1953

Tractors with a plows are on the field.

I was interested to identify the model of tractor depicted on banknote.

That is the conclusion, to which I have come:

On banknote is one of the following two models of tractors:

tractorOption number 1 - on banknote is the tractor "Stalinets-65".

The tractor model produced at the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant from 1937 to 1941. Figures in the title means the amount of horsepower of new diesel engine M-17. S-65 was destined to become the first Soviet serial diesel tractor. He became just the first mass diesel tractor in the world.

The tractor has been designed to work with towed agricultural machines, as well as to drive stationary machines. However, with the beginning of World War II, due to the loss of the first period, most of the tractors were withdrawn from agriculture. They were used for hauling large power tools. I must say that during the war, a large number of tractors Germans got as trophies, which are also used them to tow guns of medium and large caliber.

In 1939, these tractors C-65 were the ones of the protagonists of the film "Tractorists" (USSR).

In May 1937, in Paris, opened the international exhibition "Art and technology of modern life." Among the exhibits of the Soviet section was also collected on the pilot plant C-65. He was awarded the highest award of the exhibition - the "Grand Prix".

In China, later, were put into production their tractors on the basis of "Stalinets" on

The Tractor Plant in Anshan, Liaoning Province. It was founded in 1948 for the production of wheeled agricultural tractors. In the mid-1950s began to be released on license crawler "Stalinets" (the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant), first for agriculture, and later - and the bulldozer-loosening equipment. T-100 - Chinese copy of the T-100M. In 1970s added the model with engine capacity of 120 h. p.

tractor tractorOption number 2 - on banknote is the tractor "DT-54".

DT-54 - Soviet tracked agricultural general purpose tractor.

Tractor was manufactured from 1949 to 1963 by the Stalingrad Tractor Works, from 1949 to 1961 by the Kharkiv Tractor Plant, from 1952 to 1979 by the Altai Tractor Plant. Total 957 900 units built.

Intended for use with 4-pin or 5-furrow plow and other trailing agricultural machines. The range of traction of tractor was from 1000 to 2850 kg., Range of operating speeds between 3.59 to 7.9 km/h, gearbox had 5 forward gears and 1 rear gear. The four-cylinder diesel engine D-54 at rated speed (1300 rev/min.) could develop the capacity of 54 h.p.

tractor tractor In China, later, was launched the production of its tractors on the basis of "DT-54" at The first Chinese Tractor Plant in Luoyang, Henan Province. In 1955 the construction of plant was begun, then began production of tractors ("The Red East") in 1958. He was supposed to be, and became, the basis for the mechanization of Chinese agriculture. Production began with after the legendary DT-54. In the USSR it was manufactured in large quantities at three plants. Later went to the modernization of DT-75.

Denomination in numeral is on right side.


1 Jiao 1953


The national emblem of the People's Republic of China contains in a red circle a representation of Tiananmen Gate, the entrance gate to the Forbidden City, where Mao declared the foundation of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. Above this representation are the five stars found on the national flag. The largest star represents the Communist Party of China, while the four smaller stars represent the four social classes as defined in Maoism. The outer border of the red circle shows sheaves of wheat and the inner sheaves of rice, which together represent agricultural workers. At the center of the bottom portion of the border is a cog-wheel that represents industrial workers.

Denominations are on the left and right sides.

Each note has the words "People's Bank of China" as well as the denomination in the Chinese (on the top) Uyghur (left side), Tibetan (right side) and Mongolian (at the bottom) languages on the back.


Withdrawed at 15 of December 1967.

Completely recalled from 1 of January 1999.

Jiao in Cantonese, is a unit of currency used in Greater China, including People's Republic of China (Mainland China), Republic of China (Taiwan), Hong Kong and Macao. One jiao is equal to one-tenth of a yuan or ten fēn.