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1 Rupee 2015, India

in Krause book Number: 78
Years of issue: 06.03.2014
Edition: --
Signatures: Finance secretary: Rajiv Mehrishi
Serie: Government of India
Specimen of: 1981
Material: 100% raw cotton
Size (mm): 97 х 64
Printer: Government of India Mint and the Security Printing Press, Nasik, India

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Rupee 2015

Description

Watermark:

watermark

The coat of arms of India (without words "Satyamev Jayate").

Avers:

1 Rupee 2015

Serial number is in lower right corner.

coin

In top right corner is a reverse of the 1 Rupee 2015 coin with famous sculpted Lion Capital of Ashoka.

It is flanked by word India in English and Hindi (Bharat).

coat of arms of India coat of arms of IndiaOn right side is the coat of arms of India.

This is the famous original sandstone sculpted Lion Capital of Ashoka preserved at Sarnath Museum, which was originally erected around 250 BCE atop an Ashoka Pillar at Sarnath. The angle from which this picture has been taken, minus the inverted bell-shaped lotus flower, has been adopted as the National Emblem of India showing the Horse on the left and the Bull on the right of the Ashoka Chakra in the circular base on which the four Indian lions are standing back to back. On the far side there is an Elephant and a Lion instead. The wheel "Ashoka Chakra" from its base has been placed onto the center of the National Flag of India.

The coat of arms of India is the symbol of India, formally called as "National emblem". It has four Indian lions standing on a circle. The idea for this coat of arms was taken from the Sarnath Lion Capital that was built by an Indian emperor named Ashoka. It's a pillar in the city named Sarnath. Ashoka built it around 250 BC using a single piece of polished sandstone. The symbol is invariably used on all types of currency notes, passports and coins of India. In the two dimensional view of this symbol, one can only see three lions, facing left right and straight. The fourth one remains hidden behind the three.

The lions represent royalty and pride. The wheel beneath the lions is called the Ashoka Chakra or Dharmachakra comes from Buddhism, representing Truth and Honesty. The horse and the bull probably stand for the Strength (Mental) of the people of India. There are four Ashoka Chakras in total around the emblem and two horses and bulls each. The verse written below, Satyamev Jayate is a very popular and revered saying in the ancient language Sanskrit. It can be divided phonetically into three words - Satyam, which means truth, Ev or aev, that is, only and Jayate which means wins or won. The whole verse can be translated as "Only the truth will win or wins". This verse describes the power of honesty and truth in society and religion. You can lie to your friends, family, even your God, but you cannot lie to yourself. Your conscience will forever be stained.

The verse can also be translated as "The truth alone triumphs". Meaning that even after all the lies and deceptions with which we have been fooled, the truth will finally emerge victorious.

Denomination in numeral is in top left corner, in words are centered and in lower left corner.

Revers:

1 Rupee 2015

On left side are the inscriptions in Indian languages. Ears of wheat are in lower right and left corners.

coin\

In top left corner is an obverse of the 1 Rupee 2015 coin.

Sagar SamratThe Sea Exploration Drilling Rig "Sagar Samrat" (translated from Hindi as "Sea Emperor") in Arabian sea, 115 kilometers offshore of Mumbai (Bombey).

On 17 November 2011, a consortium of Mercator and Gulf Piping Company, Abu Dhabi was awarded an EPC contract by ONGC for conversion of their Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit ("MODU") ‘Sagar Samrat’ into Mobile Offshore Production Unit ("MOPU"). The detailed engineering design is by GL Noble Denton, UAE For Marine Part and Samsung Heavy Industries India Pvt. Ltd (SHI-I) for Production Facility.It is purely Indian business.

Oil Refineries in India.

There are in all 14 refineries functioning in India. Their locations are based on three different considerations. Half of them are shore based as they can be easily fed by imported crude oil. Two of them are in Trombay (Mumbai), and one each at Mangalore, Kochi, Chennai, Visakhapatnam and Haldia near Calcutta. There are four inland refineries close to the oilfields. There are three plants in Assam-Digboi Guwahati and Bongaigaon. The fourth plant is in Gujarat at Koyali, which is fed by inland oilfields. The remaining three plants are near the market. They are located at Barauni in Bihar, Mathura in U.P. and Panipat in Haryana. Their total the capacity is 61 million tonnes. It is expected that in three to four years time, the capacity will increase to the 112 million tonnes. It may ensure self-sufficiency in meeting our growing needs.

India has a very large proportion of tertiary rocks and alluvial deposits particularly in the extra-peninsular India. These sedimentary rocks, which were once under the shallow seas, hold the possibility of harbouring oil and gas deposits. Such potential oil bearing area in India is estimated to be over a million square kilometers, a third of the total area. It covers the Northern Plains in the Ganga-Brahmaputra Valley, the coastal strips together with their offshore continental shelf, the plains of Gujarat, the Thar Desert and the area around Andaman and Nicober Islands.

Till Independence Assam was the only state where mineral oil was drilled and refined in the refinery at Digboi. Although small in size this is the only oilfield in the world that has lasted for 100 years continuously. After Independence Gujarat Plains and the Cambay off-shore area showed evidence of hydro-carbon deposits.But the major reserves were unexpectedly found off the Mumbai coast, 115 km from the shore. So far this has been the richest oilfield of India. This oilfield is known as "Bombay High". Sagar Samrat, bought from Japan, was the first mobile offshore drilling platform. The deposits of oil were located deep under the seabed. The depth of the seawater was high enough to call for high technology. But India took up the challenge and developed the oilfield in almost a record time. Now India manufactures oil drills and mobile platforms for drilling in deep coastal waters. The latest oil deposit discoveries have also come from offshore areas off the deltaic coasts of Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri and Mahanadi. New reserves have been located in Assam.

Oil and Natural Gas in India The gas reserves are generally found in association with oilfields. As such gas reserves are found in almost in all the offshore oilfields of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. But exclusive natural gas reserves have been located in Tripura, Rajasthan.

Source: Oil and Natural Gas in India.

Denomination in numeral is on left side.

Comments:

The relaunched currency notes will be made up of cent percent cotton rag and will weigh 900 grams per square meter with a thickness of 110 microns.

It bears the bilingual signature of the Finance Secretary Rajiv Mehrishi and not the RBI Governor.

Only Re. 1 notes and coins in India are signed by the Finance Secretary as they are printed by the Central Government. All other Indian currency notes in India are printed by RBI.

The notes are being printed after a gap of 20 years.

Their printing and circulation was halted in November 1994 when it started working out to be too expensive, and it was needed to free up capacity for printing notes of higher denominations.