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100 Złotych 1975, Poland

in Krause book Number: 143a
Years of issue: 15.01.1975
Edition: --
Signatures: Prezes: Witold Bień, Glowny Scarbnik: Czesław Kamiński
Serie: 1974-1978 Issue
Specimen of: 15.01.1975
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 138 x 63
Printer: Polska Wytwornia Papierow Wartocziowych, Warszawa

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100 Złotych 1975

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Polish coat of arms.

Avers:

100 Złotych 1975

Ludwik Warynski

Ludwik Tadeusz Waryński (24 September 1856 - 2 March 1889) was an activist and theoretician of the socialist movement in Poland. The founder of the International Socio-revolutionary party "Proletariat".

Waryński was born at Martynówka, Kiev Governorate (Мартинівка in present-day Kaniv Raion, Cherkasy Oblast, Ukraine), the son of a January Uprising insurrectionist. In 1865, he began his education at the gymnasium in Biała Cerkiew. Beginning in 1874 he studied in Saint Petersburg at the Technological Institute, where he met other socialists, and joined the Polish Socialist Youth.

Student disturbances at the Institute in 1875 led to Waryński being forced to leave. He returned to his father's residence under police surveillance, and spent the next year educating himself.

Early in 1877, he arrived in Warsaw and dedicated himself to furthering socialism in Polish. He founded the first socialist magazine in the lands of the Russian-occupied Poland. He then joined the Agronomical School in Puławy while still a leader of Warsaw's workers movement. In 1879[citation needed] Tsarist police found him in Warsaw and forced him to leave Russia.

He moved to Lvov, and, one year later, to Kraków, where he continued his socialist work. He was arrested by Austro-Hungarian police in February 1879 and jailed until his trial in February 1880, at which he was acquitted (after making a long speech defending the socialist ideas). Nevertheless, he was forced to leave for Switzerland, where his socialist ideas and international contacts developed further. Waryński was the author of the Brussels Program, an ideological declaration of Polish socialists. During his stay in Switzerland, he also met his future wife Anna Sieroszewska (sister of Wacław Sieroszewski), with whom he had a son, Tadeusz.

In 1882, Waryński returned to Warsaw, where he created the first Polish workers' party, called The Proletariat. In 1883 he was arrested by the Tsarist secret police and, after a trial with 29 co-defendants in 1885, sentenced to 16 years in prison in Shlisselburg. He died there of tuberculosis 4 years later.

In center is Polish coat of arms.

coat

The White Eagle (Polish: Orzeł Biały) is the national coat of arms of Poland. It is a stylized white eagle with a golden beak and talons, and wearing a golden crown, in a red shield.

The White Eagle emblem originated when Poland's legendary founder Lech saw a white eagle's nest. When he looked at the bird, a ray of sunshine from the red setting sun fell on its wings, so they appeared tipped with gold, the rest of the eagle was pure white. He was delighted and decided to settle there and placed the eagle on his emblem. He also named the place Gniezdno (currently Gniezno) from the Polish word gniazdo ("nest").

Denomination in numeral is in lower left corner, in top right corner in numeral and in words.

Revers:

100 Złotych 1975

Revolutionary newspaper "Proletaryat" is on the left side.

Since April 1883 in the head of the party "Proletariat" was Central Committee (Varynsky, S. Kunitsky, T. Rehnevsky, etc.), is engaged in publishing of newspaper "Proletariat", 1883-1884.

Monogram of Polish Peoples Bank is in lower right corner.

Denomination in numeral is in top right corner, in lower left corner in numeral and in words.

Comments:

Designer: Andrzej Heidrich.

Engraver: Bogusław Brandt.