header Notes Collection

20 Reals 2010, Brazil

in Krause book Number: 254
Years of issue: 2010
Edition: --
Signatures: Ministro da Fazenda: Guido Mantega, Presidente Do Banco Central Do Brasil: Alexandre Antonio Tombini
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 2003
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 x 65
Printer: Casa da Moeda do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro

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20 Reals 2010




The golden lion tamarin and denomination 20.


20 Reals 2010

Efígie da República.


20 Reals 2010


The golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia, mico-leão-dourado) also known as the golden marmoset, is a small New World monkey of the family Callitrichidae. Native to the Atlantic coastal forests of Brazil, the golden lion Tamarin is an endangered species with an estimated wild population of approximately 1,000 individuals spread between three different locations along southeastern Brazil, and a captive population maintained at approximately 490 individuals among 150 zoos.


Since 1986, Brazilian bank notes contain the words “Deus Seja Louvado” (God Be Praised). In 2012, a federal prosecutor from Sao Paulo sought a court order to force the central bank to replace the nation’s entire supply of paper currency with bills that do not display these words, arguing that Brazil is a secular state and that this phrase violates the rights of non-Christians and nonbelievers. The Bank responded by stating that the preamble to the Brazilian constitution explicitly states that the democracy was formed “under the protection of God”, and that the state, “not being atheist, anticlerical or antireligious, can legitimately make a reference to the existence of a higher being, a divinity, as long as, in doing so, it does not make an allusion to a specific religious doctrine.”