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20000 Pesos 2012, Chile

in Krause book Number: 165c
Years of issue: 2012
Edition: --
Signatures: Presidente: Rodrigo Vergara, Gerente General: Alejandro Zurbuchen Silva
Serie: Serie Bicentenario
Specimen of: 28.07.2010
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 148 x 70
Printer: Tumba Bruk (Crane and Co.), Tumba, Sweden

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

20000 Pesos 2012

Description

Watermark:

watermark

The portrait of Andrés Bello by French artist Raymond Monvoisin. Denomination "20 MIL".

watermarkUnknown watermark on left side of banknote.

Avers:

20000 Pesos 2012

Andrés BelloThe engraving on banknote is made after this portrait of Andrés Bello by French artist Raymond Auguste Quinsac Monvoisin. Finished between 1843 and 1858.

Andrés de Jesús María y José Bello López (November 29, 1781 – October 15, 1865) was a Venezuelan humanist, diplomat, poet, legislator, philosopher, educator and philologist, whose political and literary works constitute an important part of Spanish American culture. Bello is featured on the old 2,000 Venezuelan bolívar and the 20,000 Chilean peso notes. There is also a decoration, the Venezuelan Order of Andrés Bello.

In 1829 he accepted a post in the Chilean Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Santiago, Chile under the administration of Chilean minister Diego Portales. While a surprising candidate considering his Venezuelan birth, he gladly accepted the post and was later named Senator of Santiago. As Senator, Bello founded the University of Chile in 1843 and held a position as Rector for the remainder of his life. Until his death at the age of eighty-three, Bello worked tirelessly to train the young minds of the new republic. Such brilliant thinkers and writers as Victorino Lastarria and Francisco Bilbao were influenced by their time with Bello.

The Gramática de la lengua castellana destinada al uso de los americanos, or Castilian Grammar Intended for the Use by Americans (Americans referring to Castilian- or Spanish-speaking inhabitants of the Americas), finished in 1847, was the first Spanish-American Grammar, with many original contributions, a product of long years of study. Republished over the years with many revisions, the most significant of which are by Rufino Jose Cuervo, this is still a valuable reference work. Bello was accepted in the Spanish Royal Academy of Language as Correspondent Member in 1861.

Lapageria roseaCentered is stylized Lapageria. Lapageria rosea is the national flower of Chile.

It is genus of flowering plants with only one species, Lapageria rosea, commonly known as Chilean bellflower or copihue. It grows in forests in the southern part of Chile, being part of the Valdivian temperate rain forests flora. The name of the fruit in Mapudungun is actually kopiw (derived from kopün, "being upside down"), which is the etymon of Spanish copihue; the Mapuche call the plant kolkopiw (colcopihue in Spanish, which may also refer to the whole plant). The flower is called kodkülla in the indigenous language.

In center of Lapageria is the sun.

Two security threads: Horizontally, along whole field of the banknote, micro printing repeated "Veinte Mil Pesos" over the entire length of the strips.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners, in words top right.

Revers:

20000 Pesos 2012

The Chilean flamingo are flying above the Salar de Surire Natural Monument.

Monumento natural Salar de SurireOn banknote - На банкноте - Salar de Surire Natural Monument (Monumento natural Salar de Surire).

Salar de Surire Natural Monument is a Chilean Natural Monument located in the Andes, in the Arica y Parinacota Region. It consists mainly of a salt flat and a number of small salt lakes, sheltering several Andean species of wildlife and plants. Arintica volcano towers over the salt flat.

The protected area, along with Lauca National Park and Las Vicuñas National Reserve, were designated a World Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1981, which is called Lauca.

Salar de Surire is one of the Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention signed in 1971.

Flora: The most common flora species are the Tola, found between 3.000 and 4500 mts ms, and the paja brava and bofedal, found at 4000 mts and above.

Fauna: The protection of fauna is one of the main objectives of this natural monument, for in Surire Salt Flat you can find three of world's six flamingo species. The species are protected in different categories, for which there are specific protection plans for each one of them. The objective of these plans is to raise awareness in the local communities and to develop environmental impact mitigation plans.

Polloquere Hot Springs: These water springs have created a lagoon that surrounds the Surire Salt Flat, at 4245 mts msl. In them, you can enjoy a relaxing bath in their thermal pools or bath tubs, mud baths, and steam baths. The water is at 66°C. They are recommended for therapeutical uses related to reumatism, lumbar spine injuries, and others. There are also camping and picknicking sites. (www.gochile.cl)

Monumento natural Salar de SurireOn background is Arintica.

Arintica is a stratovolcano located in Arica y Parinacota Region of Chile, near the border with Bolivia. It lies north of the Salar de Surire. The volcano has a main summit in the north, a slightly shorter southern summit and a subsidiary peak in the west. A glacier valley lies between the summits. The volcano was constructed in two phases and postglacial lava flows have been found by Landsat imagery, but they are not sampled. A belt of Polylepis woods surrounds the volcano.

Monumento natural Salar de Surire Monumento natural Salar de Surire Monumento natural Salar de SurireThe Chilean flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis) is a large species of flamingo at 110-130 cm. (43-51 in.) closely related to American flamingo and greater flamingo, with which it was sometimes considered conspecific. The species is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN.

It breeds in South America from Ecuador and Peru to Chile and Argentina and east to Brazil; it has been introduced into Germany and the Netherlands (colony on the border, Zwilbrockervenn). There was also a small population in Utah and California. Like all flamingos it lays a single chalky white egg on a mud mound.

The plumage is pinker than the slightly larger greater flamingo, but less so than Caribbean flamingo. It can be differentiated from these species by its greyish legs with pink joints (tibio-tarsal articulation), and also by the larger amount of black on the bill (more than half). Young chicks may have no sign of pink coloring whatsoever, but instead remain grey.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners.

Comments:

A security thread: Vertically, along whole field of the banknote, micro printing repeated "Veinte Mil Pesos" over the entire length of the strips.

When the note is held up to the light a denomination "20000", which has been partially printed on both sides of the banknote, is revealed.