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2000 Tenge 2013, Kazakhstan

in Krause book Number: 41
Years of issue: 29.03.2013
Edition: --
Signatures: Chairman: Kairat Kelimbetov (in office from 01.10.2013 till 02.11.2015)
Serie: 2011-2012 Issue
Specimen of: 2012
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 139 х 73
Printer: Banknote Factory of the National Bank of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

2000 Tenge 2013

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Denomination 2000 and the white flying dove.

Avers:

2000 Tenge 2013

The images are vertical.

flagThe current flag of Kazakhstan.

It was adopted on 4 June 1992, replacing the flag of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. The flag was designed by Shaken Niyazbekov.

The national flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan has a gold sun with 32 rays above a soaring golden steppe eagle, both centered on a sky blue background; the hoist side displays a national ornamental pattern "koshkar-muiz" (the horns of the ram) in gold; the blue color is of religious significance to the Turkic peoples of the country, and so symbolizes cultural and ethnic unity; it also represents the endless sky as well as water; the sun, a source of life and energy, exemplifies wealth and plenitude; the sun's rays are shaped like grain, which is the basis of abundance and prosperity; the eagle has appeared on the flags of Kazakh tribes for centuries and represents freedom, power, and the flight to the future. The width of the flag to its length is 1:2.

Interpretation.

The pattern represents the art and cultural traditions of the old khanate and the Kazakh people. The light blue background stands for the various Turkic peoples that make up the present-day population of the country, including the Kazakhs, Tatars, Uyghurs, Uzbeks and others. The light blue color symbolizes peace, freedom, cultural and ethnic unity of Kazakhstani people. The sun represents the source of life and energy. It is also a symbol of wealth and abundance; the sun's rays are like grain which is the basis of abundance and prosperity.

People of different Kazakh tribes had the golden eagle on their flags for centuries. The eagle symbolizes the power of the state. For the modern nation of Kazakhstan the eagle is a symbol of independence, freedom and flight to future.

flagLower is the emblem of Kazakhstan.

It was adopted on June 4, 1992. The authors of the emblem are Jandarbek Melibekov and Shota Walikhanov. About 245 projects and 67 description designs of the future arms took part in the final competition. Like other post-Soviet republics whose symbols do not predate the October Revolution, the current emblem retains some components of the Soviet one, in this case, rising sun rays and star. Prior to 1992, Kazakhstan had a coat of arms similar to all other Soviet Republics.

The emblem is an image of shanyrak (Kazakh: Шаңырақ, şañıraq; more often seen in the Russian transcription, Шанырак, shanyrak), the upper dome-like portion of a yurt, against a sky blue background which irradiates (in the form of sun rays) uyks (supports) set off by wings of mythical horses, possibly inspired by the Tibetan Wind Horse symbol. The circle shape of the Emblem is a symbol of a life and eternity. The shanyrak symbolizes well-being of family, peace and calmness.

A design very similar to the Kazakh shangyraq is used in the flag of the neighboring Kyrgyzstan; it is known as tunduk in Kyrgyz.

The colour version of the national emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan consists of two colours: gold and sky blue. The golden colour corresponds to a light, clear future of Kazakh people, and the blue sky colour is a symbol of aspiration to the peace, consent, friendship and unity with all people.

The name of the country in Kazakh, ҚA3AҚCTAH, is in the lower part of the coat of arms.

Қазақ ЕлiLower, on right side, is the top of monument "Kazakh Eli" ("Қазақ Елi") with bird Samruk, in Astana (capital of Kazakhstan).

The height of the monument is 91 meters, that symbolizes the year when Kazakhstan acquired its independence. The main monument is surrounded by colonnade made of white marble. The monument "Kazakh Eli" symbolizes the core values of Kazakhstan's statehood and is one of the new symbols of the country.

The total area of the monument is 5.0 hectares, the area of the adjacent territory is 11 hectares.

"Kazakh ate" is a 55-meter high, crowned by a bronze mythical bird Samruk - a symbol of freedom and pride.

The majestic bird with outstretched wings, soaring, more than 3 meters in height, made of 6.5 tons of gold-plated bronze.

Қазақ ЕлiThe monument "Kazakh Eli" is established in the central part of the city of Astana, at the Independence Square located between the «Millennium» park and the Presidential Park. Near the monument, there are Museum of the History of Kazakhstan, the Palace of Independence, the Palace of Art "Shabyt", mosque "Hazrat Sultan" and the Palace of Peace and Reconciliation.

The monument represents a snow-white columnwith a gilded figure of mythical bird Samruk on the top and four bronze bas-reliefs at the base: "The first President and the people of Kazakhstan", "Courage", "Creation" and "The Future". The bird Samruk demonstrates desire of Kazakhstani people to further development and prosperity.

The column is established on white marble square. The base of each of the four sides has decorative niches with reliefs. They describe the major milestones in the history of the country's independence. On one of the bas-reliefs depicts the first President Nursultan Nazarbayev. (http://astanainvest.kz)

Khan Shatyr Entertainment CenterCentered is "Khan Shatyr Entertainment Center" in Astana.

Khan Shatyr ("Royal Marquee") is a giant transparent tent in Astana, the capital city of Kazakhstan. Built in a distinctively neofuturist style, the architectural project was unveiled by the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev on December 9, 2006.

The 150 meters-high (500 ft.) tent has a 200 meters elliptical base covering 140,000 square metres (14 ha.; 35 acres). Underneath the tent, an area larger than 10 football stadiums, is an urban-scale internal park, shopping and entertainment venue with squares and cobbled streets, a boating river, shopping centre, minigolf and indoor beach resort. The fabric roof is constructed from ETFE-cushions provided by Vector Foiltec suspended on a network of cables strung from a central spire. The transparent material allows sunlight through which, in conjunction with the stack effect, air heating and cooling systems, is designed to maintain an internal temperature between 15-30 °C (59-86 °F) in the main space and 19-24 °C (66-75 °F) in the retail units, while outside the temperature varies between -35 and 35 °C (-31 and 95 °F) across the year.

Following the construction of the Palace of Peace and Reconciliation (opened in 2006), a giant glass pyramid, the Khan Shatyr Entertainment Center was the second national project in Astana designed by UK architect Norman Foster (of Foster and Partners), (Partners in Charge Filo Russo and Peter Ridley), and UK engineers Buro Happold led by Mike Cook. Construction documentation architects were Linea and Gultekin. The construction of the tent-city was the responsibility of the Turkish company Sembol.

After a series of delays, the main mast was eventually erected in December 2008, and the whole complex was completed and opened on July 5, 2010, 70th birthday of Kazakhstan's president, Nursultan Nazarbayev. Andrea Bocelli gave a concert for the occasion.

white dove

Centered, lower, are the flzing white doves.

Saiga tataricaThe bottom side shows saiga with the usage of optically variable ink.

The saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica) is a critically endangered antelope that originally inhabited a vast area of the Eurasian steppe zone from the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains and Caucasus into Dzungaria and Mongolia.

They also lived in Beringian North America during the Pleistocene. Today, the dominant subspecies (S. t. tatarica) is only found in one location in Russia (in The Republic of Kalmykia) and three areas in Kazakhstan (the Ural, Ustiurt and Betpak-Dala populations). A proportion of the Ustiurt population migrates south to Uzbekistan and occasionally Turkmenistan in winter. It is extinct in People's Republic of China and southwestern Mongolia. It was hunted extensively in Romania and Moldova until it became extinct in those regions in the end of the 18th century. The Mongolian subspecies (S. t. mongolica) is found only in western Mongolia. Some sources consider the Mongolian subspecies to be a distinct species, the Mongolian saiga (Saiga borealis).

The face value is printed at the left side at the upper part and at the bottom. In Kazakh the face value is shown in the middle left side. The name of the issuing bank in Kazakh is placed in the upper right corner, under the name there is an inscription in the Kazakh language stating that counterfeiting banknotes is against the law.

Revers:

2000 Tenge 2013

The images are horizontal. On western part of the map of Kazakhstan is, again, Saiga antelope.

flagThe main image is an outline map of Kazakhstan with the Irtysh River image.

The Irtysh River (Mongolian: Эрчис мөрөн/Erchis, "erchleh", "twirl"; Russian: Иртыш; Kazakh: Ертiс / Yertis; Chinese: 额尔齐斯河, pinyin: É'ěrqísī hé; Uyghur: ئېرتىش; Tatar: Cyrillic Иртеш, Latin İrteş) is a river in Siberia, China, and Kazakhstan. It is the chief tributary of the Ob River.

The river's headwaters originate in the Altai Mountains on the Mongolian-Chinese borders.

Irtysh's main affluents are the Tobol River and the Ishim River. The Ob-Irtysh system forms a major drainage basin in Asia, encompassing most of Western Siberia and the Altai Mountains.

From its origins as the Kara-Irtysh (Black Irtysh) in the Mongolian Altay mountains in Xinjiang, China, the Irtysh flows northwest through Lake Zaysan in Kazakhstan, meeting the Ishim and Tobol rivers before merging with the Ob near Khanty-Mansiysk in western Siberia, Russia after 4,248 kilometers (2,640 mi.).

The name Black Irtysh (Kara-Irtysh in Kazakh, or Cherny Irtysh in Russian) is applied by some authors, especially in Russia and Kazakhstan, to the upper course of the river, from its source entering Lake Zaysan. The term White Irtysh, in opposition to the Black Irtysh, was occasionally used in the past to refer to the Irtysh below lake Zaysan; now this usage is largely obsolete.

In Kazakhstan and Russia, tankers, passenger and freight boats navigate the river during the ice-free season, between April and October. Omsk, home to the headquarters of the state-owned Irtysh River Shipping Company, functions as the largest river port in Western Siberia.

On the Kazakhstan section of the river there are presently three major hydroelectric plants, namely at Bakhtarma, Ust-Kamenogorsk and Shulbinsk. The world's deepest lock, with a drop of 42 meters (138 ft.), allows river traffic to by-pass the dam at Ust-Kamenogorsk. Plans exist for the construction of several more dams.

mapKazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан, Qazaqstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a country in Central Asia, with a minor part west of the Ural River and thus in Europe. Kazakhstan is the world's largest landlocked country by land area and the ninth largest country in the world. Its territory of 2,724,900 square kilometers (1,052,100 sq mi.) is larger than all of Western Europe. By 2006, Kazakhstan had become the dominant nation of Central Asia economically, generating 60% of the region's GDP, primarily through its oil/gas industry. Kazakhstan has vast mineral resources.

It has borders with (clockwise from the north) Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan, and also adjoins a large part of the Caspian Sea. The terrain of Kazakhstan includes flatlands, steppe, taiga, rock canyons, hills, deltas, snow-capped mountains, and deserts. Kazakhstan has an estimated 18 million people as of 2014, Given its large land area, its population density is among the lowest, at less than 6 people per square kilometer (15 people per sq. mi.). The capital is Astana, where it was moved in 1997 from Almaty.

The territory of Kazakhstan has historically been inhabited by nomadic tribes. This changed in the XIII century, when Genghis Khan occupied the country as part of the Mongolian Empire. Following internal struggles among the conquerors, power eventually reverted to the nomads. By the XVI century, the Kazakh emerged as a distinct group, divided into three jüz (ancestor branches occupying specific territories). The Russians began advancing into the Kazakh steppe in the XVIII century, and by the mid-XIX century, they nominally ruled all of Kazakhstan as part of the Russian Empire. Following the 1917 Russian Revolution and subsequent civil war, the territory of Kazakhstan was reorganized several times. In 1936 it was made the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, considered an integral part of the Soviet Union.

Kazakhstan was the last of the Soviet republics to declare independence following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. The current President, Nursultan Nazarbayev, has been leader of the country since then, and is characterized as authoritarian, with a government history of human rights abuses and suppression of political opposition. Kazakhstan has worked to develop its economy, especially its dominant hydrocarbon industry. Human Rights Watch says that "Kazakhstan heavily restricts freedom of assembly, speech, and religion," and other human rights organizations regularly describe Kazakhstan's human rights situation as poor.

Kazakhstan is populated by 131 ethnicities, including Kazakhs (who make up 63 percent of the population), Russians, Uzbeks, Ukrainians, Germans, Tatars, and Uyghurs. Islam is the religion of about 70% of the population, with Christianity practiced by 26%; Kazakhstan officially allows freedom of religion, but religious leaders who oppose the government are suppressed. The Kazakh language is the state language, and Russian has equal official status for all levels of administrative and institutional purposes.

In the right part the holographic strip 13 mm. wide with the image of the face value, the stylized yurt and a fragment of national flag is located. The face value is shown both on the lower left corner and upper right corner. The name of the issuing bank, in the Kazakh language, and the bank’s logo are in the middle of the upper half of the note. In the bottom left corner, on the white area, there is an inscription in Russian stating that counterfeiting banknotes is against the law.

Comments:

The signature on banknote belongs to:

flagGovernor of the National Bank of Kazakhstan Kairat Kelimbetov.

Kairat Kelimbetov served as a Governor of the National Bank of Kazakhstan from October 1st of 2013 till November 2nd of 2015. He was appointed as the Governor of the National Bank of Kazakhstan on October 1st of 2013 by decree of the President of Republic of Kazakhstan. He served as a Vice-Prime Minister of Kazakhstan from January 20th of 2012 till October 1st of 2013. He also served as the Minister of Economy and Budget Planning in the Government of Kazakhstan. In late July 2005 at that time a Minister Kelimbetov announced that Kazakhstan's GDP grew by 9.1% in the last year. Mr.Kairat Kelimbetov is on the Board of directors "Samruk-Kazyna" and controls all significant dealings of the portfolio companies, including "KazatomProm".

He is a graduate of Georgetown University's, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service (Pew Economic Freedom Fellows Program,1999), the Kazakh State Academy of Economics (management, 1996), and Lomonosov Moscow State University (Mathematics, 1993).

The tenge (Kazakh: теңге, teñge) is the currency of Kazakhstan. It is divided into 100 tïın (тиын, also transliterated as tiyin or tijin).

The word tenge in the Kazakh and most other Turkic languages means a set of scales (cf the old Uzbek tenga or the Tajik borrowed term tanga). The origin of the word is the Turkic teŋ- which means being equal, balance. The name of this currency is thus similar to the lira, pound and peso. The name of the currency is related to the Russian word for money Russian: деньги / den'gi, which was borrowed from Turkic.

The National Bank of Kazakhstan issued a new series of tengé banknotes dated 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014 in denominations of 1,000-, 2,000-, 5,000-, and 10,000-tengé. On 1 December 2015, a new 20,000 Tenge banknote was introduced. It contains the issue date of 2013, and is a commemorative note to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the introduction of its national currency, but was not issued until 2015.