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5 Kroner 1937, Denmark

in Krause book Number: 30a
Years of issue: 1937
Edition: --
Signatures: Brun Svendsen, Gellerup
Serie: Heilmannserien
Specimen of: 1937
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 129 x 71
Printer: Banknote Printing Works and The Royal Danish Mint, Copenhagen

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5 Kroner 1937

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Numeral "5" and an inscription: Danmarks Nationalbank. Stylized pattern along the sides.

Avers:

5 Kroner 1937

Carlsstenen

Carlsstenen portal tomb near Frederiksværk was built in the Peasant Stone Age about 5,000 years ago - in other words about 3500-3300 BC. The portal tomb was for one or two occupants and is now the clearest trace of the tremendous religious upheaval that happened when hunters switched to farming. Just moving the huge heavy stones weighing several tons that make up Carlsstenen shows how much effort was required to build the burial mounds.

Around is the ornament of chrysanthemums.

An inscription: "NATIONALBANKENS SEDLER INDLØSES MED GULD EFTER GÆLDENDE LOV. DANMARKS NATIONALBANK" ("National Banknotes Redeemable in gold by applicable law of Denmarks Nationalbank").

Denominations in numerals are in top corners. In words centered.

Revers:

5 Kroner 1937

The Coat of arms of Denmark.

coat

The national coat of arms of Denmark (Danish: Danmarks rigsvåben) consists of three crowned blue lions accompanied by nine red hearts, all in a golden shield, the crown on top.

Fágus sylváticaAround the coat of arms are the branches of European beech or common beech (The national tree of Denmark).

Fagus sylvatica, the European beech or common beech, is a deciduous tree belonging to the beech family Fagaceae.

The leaves are alternate, simple, and entire or with a slightly crenate margin, 5-10 cm. long and 3-7 cm. broad, with 6-7 veins on each side of the leaf (7-10 veins in Fagus orientalis). When crenate, there is one point at each vein tip, never any points between the veins. The buds are long and slender, 15-30 mm. (0.59-1.18 in.) long and 2-3 mm. (0.079-0.118 in.) thick, but thicker (to 45 mm. (0.16-0.20 in.)) where the buds include flower buds.

The natural range extends from southern Sweden to northern Sicily, west to France, southern England, northern Portugal, central Spain, and east to northwest Turkey, where it intergrades with the oriental beech (Fagus orientalis), which replaces it further east. In the Balkans, it shows some hybridisation with oriental beech; these hybrid trees are named Fagus × taurica. In the southern part of its range around the Mediterranean, it grows only in mountain forests, at 600-1,800 m. (1,969-5,906 ft.) altitude.

Fágus sylváticaOn background are stylized red clover.

Trifolium pratense, the red clover is a herbaceous species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, native to Europe, Western Asia and northwest Africa, but planted and naturalized in many other regions. It is a herbaceous, short-lived perennial plant, variable in size, growing to 20-80 cm. tall. The leaves are alternate, trifoliate (with three leaflets), each leaflet 15-30 mm. long and 8-15 mm. broad, green with a characteristic pale crescent in the outer half of the leaf; the petiole is 1-4 cm. long, with two basal stipules that are abruptly narrowed to a bristle-like point. The flowers are dark pink with a paler base, 12-15 mm. long, produced in a dense inflorescence, and are mostly visited by bumblebees.

Denominations in numerals are on both sides of the coat of arms.

Comments:

Carlsstenen Carlsstenen Carlsstenen

I'm near the monument. In my opinion, the truth I'm not sure about this, the upper stone was moved a little in the period between the issue of the banknote and today.

This conclusion I made based on the angle of his position on the banknote and today.

Carlsstenen Carlsstenen

All Danish banknotes issued since 1945, remain in force and will be exchanged at face value by the Danish National Bank.

Designer: Gerhard Heilmann.

Gerhard Heilmann

Gerhard Heilmann (later sometimes spelt "Heilman") (25 June 1859 – 26 March 1946) was a Danish artist and paleontologist who created artistic depictions of Archaeopteryx, Proavis and other early bird relatives apart from writing The Origin of Birds, a pioneering and influential account of bird evolution. Heilmann lacked a formal training in science although he studied medicine briefly before shifting to art. His ideas on bird evolution were first written in Danish in the "Dansk Ornitologisk Tidsskrift". Heilmann received little help and often got considerable opposition from Danish professional zoologists of the time and he in turn often made dismissive remarks on the ideas of some of the established scientists of the time. The English edition however reached out to a much larger audience and influenced ideas in bird evolution for nearly half a century.