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10 Kronor 1938, Sweden

in Krause book Number: P34u
Years of issue: 1938
Edition: 400 000
Signatures: Arvid Linder, Adolf af Jochnick
Serie: Moder Svea
Specimen of: 1892
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 121 х 70
Printer: Tumba Bruk (Crane and Co.), Tumba, Sweden

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Kronor 1938




Waves, lower left - Head of Mercury in a cartouche.


Stamp (matrix and patris) for making shape to watermark for Mercury to Sittande Svea 5 kr. And 10 kr. For 50, 100 and 1000 kronor they were bigger in size.


10 Kronor 1938

Moder Svea

Lower right is the personification of Sweden, Mother Svea.

Mother Svea or Mother Swea (Swedish: Moder Svea) is the female personification of Sweden and a patriotic emblem of the Swedish nation.

Mother Svea is normally depicted as a powerful female warrior, valkyrie or shieldmaiden, frequently holding a shield and standing beside a lion. In her hand is cornucopia.

Svea is a Swedish female personal name which derives from svea, an old plural genitive form meaning "of the Swedes" or the Swea. It appears in Svea rike, a translation of the old Swedish word Sverige, the Swedish name for Sweden.

The popular image is considered to have been created by Swedish writer, Anders Leijonstedt (1649-1725) when first introduced in his poem Svea Lycksaligheets Triumph (1672).

As a patriotic symbol, Moder Svea gained widespread popularity in Kunga Skald (1697), written by Swedish poet Gunno Eurelius (1661-1709) in honor of King Charles XI of Sweden. Eurelius was later ennobled with the name of "Dahlstjerna".

Mother Svea appeared frequently as a national symbol in XIX-century Swedish literature and culture. She appeared on various Swedish banknotes for over seventy years, such as both the 5-kronor banknote printed between 1890-1952 and the 5-kronor banknote printed between 1954-1963.

Near Mother Svea is the motto of Swedish Riksbank.

"Hinc robur et securitas" (Latin: For strength and security). The motto of the Swedish Riksbank. All banknotes from the 1890s and up until the 1963 had this motto on oberse. Between 1963 and 1986 there was only one hundred thousand bills that had the motto. Nowadays it is only five hundred bills and this is in the form of microtext. The purpose of the motto is to give confidence in the paper money issued by Riksbank. The Riksbank is the ultimate guarantor of the value of money.

Around denomination, centered, is an inscription: "Redemption on demand of this bill in 10 Kronor is going with gold according to the law on national treasury of 30 May 1873".

Denominations are in top left and lower right corners (in red color).


10 Kronor 1938

Gustav Vasa

The engraving on banknote is made after the portrait of Gustav Vasa by Swedish painter Jacob Bink, 1542. The original is in museum "Gustavianum", Uppsala, Sweden.

Gustav I, born Gustav Eriksson of the Vasa noble family and later known as Gustav Vasa (12 May 1496 – 29 September 1560), was King of Sweden from 1523 until his 1560 death, previously self-recognized Protector of the Realm (Rikshövitsman) from 1521, during the ongoing Swedish War of Liberation against King Christian II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Initially of low standing, Gustav rose to lead the rebel movement following the Stockholm Bloodbath, in which his father perished. Gustav's election as King on 6 June 1523 and his triumphant entry into Stockholm eleven days later meant the end of Medieval Sweden's elective monarchy and the Kalmar Union, and the birth of a hereditary monarchy under the House of Vasa and its successors, including the current House of Bernadotte.

As King, Gustav proved an enigmatic administrator with a ruthless streak not inferior to his predecessor's, brutally suppressing subsequent uprisings (three in Dalarna – which had once been the first region to support his claim to the throne - one in Västergötland, and one in Småland). He worked to raise taxes, end Feudalism and bring about a Swedish Reformation, replacing the prerogatives of local landowners, noblemen and clergy with centrally appointed governors and bishops. His 37-year rule, which was the longest of a mature Swedish king to that date (subsequently passed by Gustav V and Carl XVI Gustav) saw a complete break with not only the Danish supremacy but also the Roman Catholic Church, whose assets were nationalized, with the Lutheran Church of Sweden established under his personal control. He became the first truly autocratic native Swedish sovereign and was a skilled propagandist and bureaucrat, with his main opponent, Christian's, infamous mark as the "tyrant king" and his largely fictitious adventures during the liberation struggle still widespread to date. Due to a vibrant dynastic succession, his three sons, Erik, Johan and Karl IX, all held the kingship at different points.

Gustav I has subsequently been labelled the founder of modern Sweden, and the "father of the nation". Gustav liked to compare himself to Moses, whom he believed to have also liberated his people and established a sovereign state. As a person, Gustav was known for ruthless methods and a bad temper, but also a fondness for music and had a certain sly wit and ability to outmaneuver and annihilate his opponents. He founded one of the now oldest orchestras of the world, the Kungliga Hovkapellet (Royal Court Orchestra). Royal housekeeping accounts from 1526 mention twelve musicians including wind players and a timpanist but no string players. Today the Kungliga Hovkapellet is the orchestra of the Royal Swedish Opera.

Lower, right and left, are two green marks U.

Denominations in numerals are on the right and left sides of portrait.


Designer: Jacob Bagge.

postcard postcard

Swedish postcards from the beginning of the XX century, showing the entire series of Swedish banknotes of the time.