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2 Kwacha 1968, Zambia

in Krause book Number: 6a
Years of issue: 1968
Edition: 30 785 169
Signatures: Governor: Dr. J.B. Zulu (in office 1967 - 1970)
Serie: 1968 Issue
Specimen of: 1968
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 136 x 73
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

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2 Kwacha 1968

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Kenneth David Kaunda.

Avers:

2 Kwacha 1968

Kenneth David KaundaThe engraving on banknote is made after the photo of Kenneth David Kaunda, made, approximately, between 1968 and 1970.

Kenneth David Kaunda (born 28 April 1924), also known as KK, served as the first President of Zambia, from 1964 to 1991. Kaunda is the youngest of eight children born to an ordained Church of Scotland missionary and teacher. He followed his father's steps in becoming a teacher. He was at the forefront of the struggle for independence from European rule. Dissatisfied with Nkumbula's leadership of the African National Congress, he broke away and founded the Zambian African National Congress, later becoming the head of the United National Independence Party. He was the first President of the independent Zambia.

The Coat of arms of Zambia is on top.

coat Zambia

The coat of arms of Zambia was adopted on 24 October 1964 when the Republic of Zambia reached its independence. This coat of arms is adapted from the arms of the Colony of Northern Rhodesia which dates to 1927.

The eagle of liberty African Fish Eagle represents the conquest of freedom and nation's hope for the future.

The pick and hoe represent the country's economic backbone: agriculture and mining, as well as the characteristics that have influenced Zambia's evolution and nature. The shield is a representation of Victoria Falls with white water cascading over black rock. The Victoria Falls represents the Zambezi river, from which Zambia takes its name. The coat of arms also has emblems of Zambia's natural resources: minerals and mining, agriculture and wildlife.

The shield is supported by two figures which represent the common man and woman of the nation. The country's motto is "One Zambia, One Nation", which emphasizes the need for unity in a country of over 60 ethnic groups.

At the bottom are stylized birds, as national pattern.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. In words centered.

Revers:

2 Kwacha 1968

copper mine copper mineOn banknote is opencast mining copper in Mufulira, Zambia.

This idea prompted by one sentence from the president Kaunda's history: "In the beginning of 1948 Kaunda returned to Northern Rhodesia, and was promoted as director of high school of the United missions, in the town of Mufulira (Copperbelt Province)". Because, most likely, that the relationship between the obverse and reverse still takes place, though Mufulira career more likely suited for reverse of banknote.

Mufulira ("Place of Abundance") is a town with a population of 125,336 (2007) in the Copperbelt Province of Zambia. It was established in the 1930s around the site of the Mufulira Copper Mine on its north-western edge. The town is 16 km from the border of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and is the start of the Congo Pedicle road connecting the Copperbelt to the Luapula Province, making that province Mufulira's commercial hinterland. A tarred highway to the south-west connects Mufulira to Kitwe (40 km.) and Chingola (55 km.), and another to the south-east connects to Ndola (60 km.), the commercial and transport hub of the Copperbelt. A branch of Zambia Railways, carrying freight only, serves the mine.

The Mufulira Mine is now owned and operated by Mopani Copper Mines which employs 10,000 permanent workers and produced about 300,000 tonnes of copper bars in 2007 after the rehabilitation of the Mufulira copper smelter by SMEC South Africa (formerly Vela VKE). Production and employment levels are down from the 1969 peak when the Copperbelt made Zambia the world's 4th largest copper producer.

In Zambia, Mufulira is well known for being the home of the successful Mufulira Wanderers football team. Zambia's third President (2002-2008), Levy Mwanawasa, was born in Mufulira, as well as top African footballer, Kalusha Bwalya. Also notable are Welsh international sportsmen Robert Earnshaw (football) and Dafydd James (Rugby Union).

This is a major copper mine in Zambia, Copperbelt Province, near the border with Zaire.

Mufulira Mine, located in the northern part of Zambia's Copper Belt - Zaire, is confined to the north-west wing of the same name syncline. Host rocks Lower Roan Group in the wing of the syncline are northeast falling at an angle of 45°. Ore formation capacity of ~ 200 m. is composed of massive sericite, sometimes cross-bedded quartzites with interlayers of dolomites and shales. Barren interlayers between the ore bodies are composed of quartzites, siltstones, shales and dolomites. The underlying strata make up the conglomerate, quartzite with a large cross-bedding of aeolian origin. Conglomerates podrudnoy formation Lower Roan Group up to 15 m subjected to lie on the active erosion of the complex surface of the base represented by rocks Lufubu systems and Muva composed of mica schist, quartzite, carbonate rocks, intruded by granites. The ore quartzite strata overlaps with gypsum and anhydrite, with interlayers of dolomites and grits.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. In words lower, centered.

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