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1000 Kroner 1977, Denmark

in Krause book Number: 53b
Years of issue: 1977
Edition: --
Signatures: Frede Sunesen, Valeur
Serie: Portraits of Jens Juel and fauna of Denmark
Specimen of: 1972
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 176 х 94
Printer: Banknote Printing Works and The Royal Danish Mint, Copenhagen

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1000 Kroner 1977

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Doubled portrait by Jens Juel: Jens Juel and his wife Rosine, née Dørschel. Finished in 1791.

Jens JuelThe portrait by Jens Juel: "Jens Juel and his wife Rosine, née Dørschel", 1791. Oil on panel. Size: 52.5 x 41.5 cm.

The portrait is in National gallery (Statens Museum for Kunst), in Copenhagen.

Denomination 1000.

Avers:

1000 Kroner 1977

Thomasine GyllembourgThomasine GyllembourgThomasine Gyllembourg

The Portrait of Thomasine Christine Gyllembourg-Ehrensvärd, nee Buntzen, wife of Swedish Baron Carl Fredrik Ehrensvärd), by danish painter Jens Juel. The origial painting is in National Historic Museum in Frederiksborg castle (Frederiksborg Slot) in city Hillerød.

Baroness Thomasine Christine Gyllembourg-Ehrensvärd (9 November 1773 – 2 July 1856) was a Danish author, born in Copenhagen. Her maiden name was Buntzen.

Baroness Gyllembourg-Ehrensvärd - the mother-in-law of Johanne Luise Heiberg, depicted on banknote 200 Kroner 2007.

She married the famous writer Peter Andreas Heiberg when she was 16 years old. She bore him a son in the following year, the poet and critic Johan Ludvig Heiberg. In 1800, her husband was exiled for political activity and she obtained a divorce, marrying in December 1801 the Swedish Baron Carl Fredrik Ehrensvärd, who was himself a political fugitive, as implicated in the murder in 1792 of Swedish king Gustavus III. Her second husband, who presently adopted the name of Gyllembourg (after his mother, who belonged to the Gyllenborg family), died in 1815.

In 1822 she followed her son to Kiel, where he was appointed professor, and in 1825 she returned with him to Copenhagen. In 1827 she first appeared anonymously as an author by publishing the romance "Familien Polonius" ("The Polonius Family") in her son's newspaper "Flyvende Post" ("The Flying Post"). In 1828 the same journal contained "Den Magiske Nøgle" ("The Magic Key"), which was immediately followed by "En Hverdags-Historie" ("An Everyday Story"). The success of this anonymous work was so great that she adopted the name of "The author of An Everyday Story" until the end of her career.

In 1833-1834 she published three volumes of "Old and New Novels" followed in 1835-1836 by "New Stories", which also consisted of 3 volumes. In 1837 she published two novels, "Montanus den Yngre" ("Montanus the Younger") and "Nisida" ("Ricida"). "Een i Alle" ("One in All") was published in 1840, "Nær og Fjern" ("Near and Far") in 1841, "En Brevvexling" ("A Correspondence") in 1843, "Korsveien" ("The Cross Ways") in 1844 and "T'o Tidsaldre" ("Two Ages") in 1845.

From 1849 to 1851 the Baroness Gyllembourg-Ehrensvärd was engaged in bringing out a library edition of her collected works in twelve volumes. On 2 July 1856 she died in her son's house at Copenhagen. Throughout her life she had preserved the closest reticence on the subject of her authorship, even with her nearest friends, and it was only after her death that her authorship became known to the public.

Her works:

Familien Polonius (1827)

En Hverdags-Historie (1828)

Den magiske Nøgle (1830)

Kong Hjort (1830)

Slægtskab og Djævelskab (1830)

Den lille Karen (1830)

Sproglæreren (1831) - play

Magt og List (1831) - play

Fregatskibet Svanen (1831) - play

Drøm og Virkelighed (1833)

Mesalliance (1833)

De Forlovede (1834) - play

Findeløn (1834)

De lyse Nætter (1834)

Ægtestand (1835)

En Episode (1835)

Extremerne (1835)

Jøden (1836)

Hvidkappen (1836)

Montanus den Yngre (1837)

Nisida (1837)

Maria (1839)

Een i Alle (1840)

Nær og fjern (1841)

Jens Drabelig (1841)

En Brevvexling (1843)

Korsveien (1844)

Castor og Pollux (1844)

T'o Tidsaldre (1845)

Frederiksborg Slot Frederiksborg Slot Frederiksborg Slot Frederiksborg Slot

The Frederiksborg castle (Frederiksborg Slot) in Hillerød.

Denomination in numeral and in words is centered.

Revers:

1000 Kroner 1977

The illustration of red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris), which eats pine cone, by Danish illustrator and architect Ib Andersen (1907-1969).

Red squirrel Red squirrel Ib Andersen

The red squirrel or Eurasian red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) is a species of tree squirrel in the genus Sciurus common throughout Eurasia. The red squirrel is an arboreal, omnivorous rodent.

In Great Britain, Italy and Ireland, numbers have decreased drastically in recent years. This decline is associated with the introduction by humans of the eastern grey squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) from North America, In addition, habitat loss is a factor. Due to this, without conservation the species could disappear from those shores within a generation.

The red squirrel has a typical head-and-body length of 19 to 23 cm. (7.5 to 9 in.), a tail length of 15 to 20 cm. (5.9 to 7.9 in.), and a mass of 250 to 340 g (8.8 to 12 oz.). Males and females are the same size, which means that the species is not sexually dimorphic. (The red squirrel is somewhat smaller than the eastern grey squirrel which has a head-and-body length of 25 to 30 cm. (9.5 to 12 in.) and weighs between 400 and 800 g. (14 oz. to 1.8 lb).)

The long tail helps the squirrel to balance and steer when jumping from tree to tree and running along branches, and may keep the animal warm during sleep.

The red squirrel, like most tree squirrels, has sharp, curved claws to enable it to climb and descend broad tree trunks, thin branches and even house walls. Its strong hind legs enable it to leap gaps between trees. The red squirrel also has the ability to swim.

The coat of the red squirrel varies in colour with time of year and location. There are several different coat colour morphs ranging from black to red. Red coats are most common in Great Britain; in other parts of Europe and Asia different coat colours co-exist within populations, much like hair colour in some human populations. The underside of the squirrel is always white-cream in colour. The red squirrel sheds its coat twice a year, switching from a thinner summer coat to a thicker, darker winter coat with noticeably larger ear-tufts (a prominent distinguishing feature of this species) between August and November. A lighter, redder overall coat colour, along with the ear-tufts (in adults) and smaller size, distinguish the Eurasian red squirrel from the American eastern grey squirrel.

Red squirrels occupy boreal, coniferous woods in northern Europe and Siberia, preferring Scots pine, Norway spruce and Siberian pine. In western and southern Europe they are found in broad-leaved woods where the mixture of tree and shrub species provides a better year round source of food. In most of the British Isles and in Italy, broad-leaved woodlands are now less suitable due to the better competitive feeding strategy of introduced grey squirrels.

Denomination in numerals and in words is lower, centered. Also in numerals are in top right corner and centered (more to right).

Comments:

All Danish banknotes issued since 1945, remain in force and will be exchanged at face value by the Danish National Bank.

Issued at March, 11 1975.

Withdrawn at September 18, 1998.