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500 Krooni 1994, Estonia

in Krause book Number: 80a
Years of issue: 01.11.1995
Edition:
Signatures: President: Siim Kallas, Noukogu Liige: R. Hagelberg
Serie: 1992 Issue
Specimen of: 1994
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 x 70
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

500 Krooni 1994

Description

Watermark:

watermark

The picture of three azure leopards with red tongues in the middle, with golden oak branches placed on both sides (from Estonian coat of arms).

Avers:

500 Krooni 1994

Carl Robert Jakobson

The engraving on banknote is made after this photo of Carl Robert Jakobson. The date and author of the photo are unknown.

Carl Robert Jakobson (26 July [O.S. 14 July] 1841 – 19 March [O.S. 7 March] 1882) was an Estonian writer, politician and teacher active in Livonia, Russian Empire. He was one of the most important persons of Estonian national awakening in the second half of the XIX century.

Between 1860 and 1880, the Governorate of Livonia was led by a moderate nobility-dominated government. Jakobson became the leader of the radical wing, advocating widespread reforms in Livonia. He was responsible for the economic-political program of the Estonian national movement. Jakobson urged Estonians to demand equal political rights with the region's Germans and an end to privileged position of the Baltic-German nobility.

In 1878, Jakobson established the Estonian newspaper "Sakala". The paper quickly became a vital promoter of the cultural awakening. He also had a central role in the establishment of the Society of Estonian Literati, which was an influential Estonian association in the second half of the XIX century.

In 1948 the Farm Museum of C.R. Jakobson was established by Jakobson's oldest daughter, Linda. This museum was designed to illustrate elements of rural life in Estonia during Jakobson's lifetime.

Wood engraver and Baptist missionary Eduard Magnus Jakobson was his younger brother.

Sakala

To the right of the portrait of Jacobson is the logo of his newspaper "Sakala".

Sakala is an Estonian language daily newspaper first published in Viljandi on 11 March 1878 by Carl Robert Jakobson, a major figure of the Estonian national awakening period in the XIX century.

Sakala was the first political newspaper in Estonian. It was the most popular newspaper among Estonians in the late XIX century. Today it is the local newspaper of Viljandi County.

The masthead logo of Sakala was designed by Eduard Magnus Jakobson.

kurgja

Under the logo of newspaper "Sakala" is a book cover illustration from the book by Carl Jacobson "Science and law on field" ("Teadus ja seadus põllul"), wrote in 1869. The illustration been made also by his brother - Eduard Jacobson.

On illustration - a sheaf of wheat in the middle, flanked by peasants - man, sharpening scythe and a woman.

On sheaf are two ribbons with inscriptions: "Written by" and the name - "Carl Robert Jakobson", which the peasants regarded as their leader.

In 1872-1874 Jacobson earns as a publicist in the Parish Vändra. In 1874 Karl Robert buys the farmhouse Kurgja in that Parish and turns it into a model farm. Shortly thereafter, Jacobson is elected president of the Agricultural Union of Pärnu and Viljandi.

Female on left side dressed in national summer dress from the island Hiiumaa of XIX century.

emblem

In upper right corner is the emblem of the Bank of Estonia.

In fact, it is the same three azure leopards from coat of arms of the country.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left corner and at the top.

Revers:

500 Krooni 1994

Rahvusooper Estonia Rahvusooper Estonia

The barn swallow (Suitsupääsuke) in flight above Estonian rural land.

The barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) is the most widespread species of swallow in the world. It is a distinctive passerine bird with blue upperparts, a long, deeply forked tail and curved, pointed wings. It is found in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. In Anglophone Europe it is just called the swallow; in Northern Europe it is the only common species called a "swallow" rather than a "martin".

There are six subspecies of barn swallow, which breed across the Northern Hemisphere. Four are strongly migratory, and their wintering grounds cover much of the Southern Hemisphere as far south as central Argentina, the Cape Province of South Africa, and northern Australia. Its huge range means that the barn swallow is not endangered, although there may be local population declines due to specific threats.

The barn swallow is a bird of open country that normally uses man-made structures to breed and consequently has spread with human expansion. It builds a cup nest from mud pellets in barns or similar structures and feeds on insects caught in flight. This species lives in close association with humans, and its insect-eating habits mean that it is tolerated by man; this acceptance was reinforced in the past by superstitions regarding the bird and its nest. There are frequent cultural references to the barn swallow in literary and religious works due to both its living in close proximity to humans and its annual migration. The barn swallow is the national bird of Austria and Estonia.

Denominations in numeral and in words are at the top.

Comments:

Thank you so much to Helgi Põllo for help with information about the book cover, the definition of a national female dress, and all for the sympathy:).

The paper of the banknotes contains security fibres of different colour.

Each note contains a security strip.

Each banknote has a seven-digit serial number printed in black.

Security strip.

The Sketch of the bill 500 Krooni is made by artist Vladimir Taiger.