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20 Pesos 1960, Cuba

in Krause book Number: 80c
Years of issue: 1960
Edition: --
Signatures: Presidente del Banco: Ernesto Che Guevara (29 November 1959 - 23 February 1961), Ministro de Hacienda: Rufo López-Fresquet
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 1949
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 157 х 66
Printer: American Bank Note Company, New - York

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20 Pesos 1960

Description

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20 Pesos 1960

Text throughout the field of banknote: "Banco Nacional de Cuba".

Antonio MaceoThe engraving on banknote is made after this portrait of Antonio Maceo.

Lt. General José Antonio de la Caridad Maceo y Grajales (June 14, 1845 - December 7, 1896) was second-in-command of the Cuban Army of Independence. Fellow Cubans gave Maceo the sobriquet of the "Bronze Titan" (El Titan de Bronce), which was a reference to his skin color, stature and status. Spaniards referred to Maceo as the "Greater Lion" (El Leon mayor). Maceo was one of the most noteworthy guerrilla leaders in XIX century Latin America, comparable to José Antonio Páez of Venezuela in military acumen.

On the left side is the red seal of Cuban National Bank.

Denominations in numerals and in words are on all sides of the banknote.

Revers:

20 Pesos 1960

The coat of arms is in center.

coat

The Cuban Coat of Arms is the official heraldic symbol of Cuba. It consists of a shield, in front of a Fasces crowned by the Phrygian Cap, all supported by an oak branch on one side and a laurel wreath on the other. The coat of arms was created by Miguel Teurbe Tolón and was adopted on April 24, 1906.

The shield is divided into three parts:

In the chief, a key charging a blue sea between two rocks, symbolizing Cuba’s geographical position between Florida and the Yucatán Peninsula. A bright rising sun in the background symbolizes the rising of the new republic. A key is a symbol of Cuba as Cuba is the key to the Americas. On the left are the stripes of the flag of Cuba but turned so as they are bendwise. On the right is a common Cuban landscape, Royal Palm tree, a symbol of Cuba with mountains in the background.

The shield is supported by an oak branch on one side and a laurel wreath on the other. The oak branch symbolizes the strength of the nation; and the laurel wreath: honor and glory. These symbols were meant to represent the rights of man: Equality, Liberty and Fraternity.

A Phrygian Cap (Gorro Frigio) or liberty cap is located at the top, as a crown symbolizing liberty, with a sole star on it standing for independence.

Denominations are on left and right sides.

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