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10 Pesos 1968, Cuba

in Krause book Number: 104a
Years of issue: 1968
Edition: --
Signatures: Presidente del Banco: Orlando Pérez Rodríguez (1962-1973)
Serie: 1966 Issue
Specimen of: 1967
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 150 х 70
Printer: Los Talleres de Grabado en Acero y Timbre del Estado de La Habana, STC-P

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10 Pesos 1968

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10 Pesos 1968

Text throughout the field of banknote: "Cuba - free territory of America, the homeland or death".

Maximo Gomez y BaezThe engraving on banknote is made after this portrait of Maximo Baez.

Máximo Gómez y Báez (November 18, 1836 - June 17, 1905) was a Dominican Major General in the Ten Years' War (1868-1878). He was also Cuba's military commander in that country's War of Independence (1895-1898).

Gomez retired from the Spanish Army and soon took up the rebel cause in 1868, helping transform the Cuban Army's military tactics and strategy from the conventional approach favored by Thomas Jordan and others. He gave the Cuban Mambises their most feared tactic: The "Machete Charge".

On October 26, 1868 at Pinos de Baire, Gomez led a Machete Charge on foot, ambushing a Spanish column and obliterating it. The Spanish Army was terrified of these charges because the majority (there were at least 200 Spanish casualties in the attack) were infantry troops, mainly conscripts, who were fearful of being cut down by the machetes. Because the Cuban Army always lacked sufficient munitions, the usual combat technique was to shoot once and then charge the Spanish.

In 1871 Gómez led a campaign to clear Guantánamo from forces loyal to Spain, in particular the rich coffee growers - mostly of French descent, whose their ancestors had fled from Haiti after the Haitians slaughtered the French.

Gómez carried out a bloody, but successful campaign, and most of his officers went on to become high-ranking officers, including Antonio and José Maceo, Adolfo Flor Crombet, Policarpo Pineda "Rustán", and many others.

Following the death in combat of Major General Ignacio Agramonte y Loynáz in May 1873, Gómez assumed the command of the military district of the province of Camaguey and its famed Cavalry Corps. Upon first inspecting the corps he concluded they were the best trained and disciplined in the nascent indigenous Cuban Army and would significantly contribute to the war for independence.

Denominations are in all corners, in words on left side.

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10 Pesos 1968

Declaration de la Habana 2 de Septiembre de 1960The First Declaration of Havana (Declaration de la Habana 2 de Septiembre de 1960).

The Declaration of Havana is the reply of the people of Cuba and of the exploited millions of Latin America to the Declaration of San José, signed on August 28, 1960 by the foreign ministers of the governments belonging to the Organization of American States which participated in the Seventh Conference of Consultation of Foreign Ministers, held at San José, Costa Rica.

The approval of the Declaration of San José found the representatives of Latin American governments backing the United States in its dispute with Cuba over her determination to assure the success of her resolve to achieve her total economic and political independence from the domination of American interests.

But if the United States had succeeded in marshaling the votes of the representatives of Latin American governments against Cuba through the enticement of loans and other pressures, this did not mean that the support of the people of Latin America was assured.

In the words of Cuba's Foreign Minister, Raul Roa, uttered as he abandoned the conference after the voting, "I am going with my people and with me go all the people of Latin America."

The Declaration of Havana was drafted by Dr. Fidel Castro and approved on September 2, 1960 by more than a million Cubans who constituted themselves into the National General Assembly of the People.

"They married us to falsehood and we were forced to live with it.

That's why it seems the earth is sinking when we hear the truth....

As if it weren't better to see the earth sink than to live with falsehood." FIDEL CASTRO (www.walterlippmann.com)

Denominations in numerals are on right and left sides, in words in all corners.

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