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1 Peso 2003, Commemorative, Cuba

in Krause book Number: 125
Years of issue: 2003
Edition: --
Signatures: Presidente del Banco: Francisco Soberon Valdes
Serie: 2003 Issue
Specimen of: 2003
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 150 х 70
Printer: Los Talleres de Grabado en Acero y Timbre del Estado de La Habana, STC-P

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Peso 2003, Commemorative

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Celia Sánchez Manduley (May 9, 1920 - January 11, 1980) was a participant of the Cuban Revolution and a close friend, and rumored lover of Fidel Castro.

She was born in Media Luna, Oriente, Cuba. Sánchez joined the struggle against the Batista government following the coup of March 10, 1952. She was the founder of the 26th of July Movement in Manzanillo. Together with Frank País she was one of the first women to assemble a combat squad during the revolution. She made the necessary arrangements throughout the southwest coast region of Cuba for the Granma landing, and was responsible for organizing reinforcements once the revolutionaries landed. In 1957, she joined the guerrillas and served as messenger. Celia placed small telegrams inside a Butterfly flower, so the messages would remain secret. As a member of the general staff of the Rebel Army she supplied Che Guevara and other rebels with weapons, occasionally food and medical supplies.

During the mid to late 1960's, René Vallejo, Castro's physician since 1958, and Sanchez became the Cuban leader's two closest companions. Sánchez was bestowed with the title of Secretary to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers and served in the Department of Services of the Council of State until her death of lung cancer in 1980. The Celia Sánchez Memorial in Manzanillo honors her name.

Avers:

1 Peso 2003, Commemorative

Text throughout the field of banknote: "Cuba - free territory of America, the homeland or death".

In the foreground - inkwell, rose and scroll with the inscription "150 aniversario del natalicio de José Marti" ("150 years of the birth of Jose Marti").

José Julián Martí PérezThe engraving on banknote is made after this image of José Martí.

José Julián Martí Pérez (January 28, 1853 - May 19, 1895) is a Cuban national hero and an important figure in Latin American literature. In his short life he was a poet, an essayist, a journalist, a revolutionary philosopher, a translator, a professor, a publisher, and a political theorist. He was also a part of the Cuban Freemasons. Through his writings and political activity, he became a symbol for Cuba's bid for independence against Spain in the XIX century, and is referred to as the "Apostle of Cuban Independence". He also wrote about the threat of United States expansionism into Cuba. From adolescence, he dedicated his life to the promotion of liberty, political independence for Cuba, and intellectual independence for all Spanish Americans; his death was used as a cry for Cuban independence from Spain by both the Cuban revolutionaries and those Cubans previously reluctant to start a revolt.

Denominations are in lower left and top right corners, also centered.

Revers:

1 Peso 2003, Commemorative

José Julián Martí PérezCasa natal de Jose Marti (Birthplace Museum Jose Marti).

The house where the Cuban National Hero, José Martí was born, was founded as a museum on January 28, 1925, and it is the oldest in Havana.

It was built in the beginnings of the nineteenth century close to the wall that surrounded the city at that time. It shows the typical elements of the popular housing: plaster walls and tile roofs. The building did not suffer important changes during the nineteenth century and it remained in the obscurity until 1899, when Cuban exiles, living in Key West, unveiled a plaque on its facade.

With the triumph of the Revolution, in January, 1959, the house was completely restored and its collection was enriched. In 1994, it began to form part of the Office of the Historian of the City, and it was taken place another rehabilitation process and a new reassembly as a museum.

After the death of Jose Marti in 1895, his mother, Leonor Perez (Spanish. Leonor Pérez), lived in the house. When she died, the house became the property of the local Catholic community, but in 1925 was purchased by the municipality and converted into a museum. The street on which the museum is located, now bears the name of the mother of the poet-hero.

The museum has seven rooms with objects of Martis childhood, adolescence and youth (1853-1870), and illustrates the most significant and important periods of his and his family life, as well as his patriotic labour. It holds documents of his various deportations, and his stays in different countries like Venezuela, United States, etc., personal and family belongings, and information about his death in combat in Two Rivers on May 19, 1895. (trulycuba.com)

Denominations in numerals are in lower right and top left corners.

Comments:

Commemorative banknote, dedicated to 150th Anniversary birth of Jose Marti.