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500 Pesos 2015, Cuba

no number in katalog -
Years of issue: 2015
Edition: --
Signatures: Presidente del Banco: Francisco Soberon Valdes
Serie: 2004 Issue
Specimen of: 2010
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 150 х 70
Printer: Los Talleres de Grabado en Acero y Timbre del Estado de La Habana, STC-P

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

500 Pesos 2015

Description

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Celia Sánchez Manduley (May 9, 1920 - January 11, 1980) was a participant of the Cuban Revolution and a close friend, and rumored lover of Fidel Castro.

She was born in Media Luna, Oriente, Cuba. Sánchez joined the struggle against the Batista government following the coup of March 10, 1952. She was the founder of the 26th of July Movement in Manzanillo. Together with Frank País she was one of the first women to assemble a combat squad during the revolution. She made the necessary arrangements throughout the southwest coast region of Cuba for the Granma landing, and was responsible for organizing reinforcements once the revolutionaries landed. In 1957, she joined the guerrillas and served as messenger. Celia placed small telegrams inside a Butterfly flower, so the messages would remain secret. As a member of the general staff of the Rebel Army she supplied Che Guevara and other rebels with weapons, occasionally food and medical supplies.

During the mid to late 1960's, René Vallejo, Castro's physician since 1958, and Sanchez became the Cuban leader's two closest companions. Sánchez was bestowed with the title of Secretary to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers and served in the Department of Services of the Council of State until her death of lung cancer in 1980. The Celia Sánchez Memorial in Manzanillo honors her name.

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Denomination centered.

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500 Pesos 2015

Text throughout the field of banknote: "Cuba - free territory of America, the homeland or death".

Ignacio AgramonteThe engraving on banknote is made after this portrait of Ignacio Agramonte.

Ignacio Agramonte y Loynáz (23 December 1841 - 11 May 1873) was a Cuban revolutionary, who played an important part in the Ten Years' War (1868-1878).

Born in the province of Puerto Príncipe (what is now the province of Camagüey, Cuba) on December 23, 1841, to a wealthy family. He went to Barcelona, Madrid, and Havana to study law. On June 11, 1865 he graduated as a lawyer.

He returned to Puerto Principe and married Amalia Simoni y Argilagos in August 1868, a woman who was the love of his life and whose family had considerably more wealth than his own.

Agramonte stood tall at 6'2". He had fine brown hair, pale skin, and was an expert horseman and fencer. He had a fine mustache and not thick or bushy like it appears in many portraits.

When the war of independence against the Spanish broke out in October 10, 1868, he played a pivotal role in the uprising of the province of Camagüey which took place on November 4, 1868. Agramonte himself joined the war a week later, on November 11, 1868.

His wife followed him in the struggle, but was captured on May 26, 1870 while pregnant with her second child, who was born in the USA and never met his father.

At a conference with other leaders who were trying to make amends with Spain, Agramonte made clear his opinion: "Stop at once all the lobbying, the awkward delays, and the humiliating demands: Cuba's only option is to gain its redemption by tearing itself from Spain through armed force."

In February 1869, he and Antonio Zambrana were elected secretaries, a title equivalent to minister, to the provincial government. He was subsequently elected a member and one of two secretaries-minister of the Cuban Congress in Arms. He was among the signatories of the act that freed the slaves on the island and was the driving force in the drafting of the first Constitution in Cuban history.

He resigned his secretarial and ministerial position within the Congress, after Carlos Manuel de Céspedes was made president that same year, because Agramonte had strong political disagreements with him and knew they could not work together. The Congressional secretaries-ministers had to work closely with the president.

He went on to become Major General of the Cuban forces for the military district of the province of Camagüey, where he organized the best cavalry troops in the Cuban Liberation Army. Showing great vision, in spite of his lack of formal military training, his troops terrified the Spanish Army. The Spaniards knew him to be formidable in battle, and nicknamed him "The Young Bolívar".

Agramonte capped his impressive list of military achievements when, on October 8, 1871, he led a daring rescue. His commander, Julio Sanguily, was taken prisoner by more than 120 light cavalry while visiting a farm. Agramonte ordered 35 of his exhausted troops to mount up and track down the Spaniards. He personally led a furious charge, successfully rescuing Sanguily and routing the enemy troop, killing 11 and taking 5 prisoners.

Ignacio Agramonte was killed at the Battle of Jimaguayú on May 11, 1873, where he was struck on the head by a stray bullet. The Spanish soldiers stole his wallet and papers, when their officers realized who they had killed, they went back and took they body with them to the provincial capital. His body was cremated by the Spanish authorities in Camagüey for fear that his troops would assault the city to recover the remnants of his body.

Henry Reeve - Brigadier General - an American volunteer, and commander of his Cavalry Corps, named him "El Mayor", implying Agramonte was the best of all the Cuban Major Generals. Máximo Gómez succeeded him as Chief Military Commander of the military district of the province of Camagüey.

Agramonte used a Colt revolver, Navy model 1851, worked with ivory and gold. He used several machetes and sabres, and was carrying a sabre taken from a Spanish colonel at the time of his death.

Both the airport and the central park in Camagüey are named after him, and his statue is situated in the civic plaza. The equestrian statue of Agramonte in the park that bears his name was unveiled by his widow Amalia Simoni in 1912, it was the work of an Italian sculptor.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners, also in words centered.

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500 Pesos 2015

Asamblea Constituyente de GuáimaroAsamblea Constituyente de Guáimaro (Assembly of Guáimaro).

The Guáimaro Constitution was an agreement between groups in Spanish colonial Cuba supporting independence from Spain, in effect from 1869 to 1878.

Because of the existing situation at the end of 1868 in the fields of the Cuba Libre - 'Cuba Free' movement, characterized by the existence of two groups and two different flags, that although the agreement between both groups fought such by objective existed between these some differences, was taken to make an assembly in which would give solution to the nonexistence of the single command and to the lack of union and regionalism that reigned between these.

As a result of solving these problems that affected prestige at international level of the Cuban movement and at national level the Revolution, the Assembly of Guáimaro was celebrated, in which the main agreement was the Constitution of Guáimaro, political constitution that would govern the time that delayed the war of Independence of Cuba.

At April 10th, 1869, in the town of Guaymaro brought together representatives of the rebels. On the dusty square, with tired horses, jumped down the armed men, whose words and deeds were born the future of Cuba.

Delegates Assembly Guaymaro went on to the authors of "Manifesto of 10th of October". They supported the "famous Girondins and Dantonists" Ignacio Agramonte and Antonio Zambrano, voted for the first twenty-nine Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of Cuba. The fate of the liberated countries would solve the deputies elected by the people of the supreme body - the House of Representatives. Proclaims freedom of speech, press, assembly, education and culture. But the main thing - the 25th article of the Constitution stipulates: "All inhabitants of the Republic are considered to be completely free!".

It was put under voting in Guáimaro on 10 April 1869, by Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, President of the Constituent Assembly, and approved by the Deputies: Salvador Cisneros Betancourt, Antonio Zambrana, Ignacio Agramonte Loynaz, Jesús Rodríguez, Antonio Alcalá, José Izaguirre, Honorato Castillo, Francisco Sánchez, Antonio Lorda, Miguel Betancourt Guerra, Arcadio García, Tranquilino Valdés, Miguel Gerónimo Gutiérrez, and Eduardo Machado.

Denominations in numerals are in lower right and top left corners.

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