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2,5 Angolares 1942, Angola

in Krause book Number: 69
Years of issue: 28.03.1942
Edition: 4 000 000
Signatures: O Governador Geral: Álvaro de Freitas Morna (1942-1943), O Director dos Servicos de Fazenda: Unknown
Serie: Decree No.31.942 of 28.03.1942
Specimen of: 28.03.1942
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 131 х 78
Printer: Thomas de la Rue and coy, LTD, Londres

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

2,5 Angolares 1942

Description

Watermark:

watermarkFlowerish pattern.

Avers:

2,5 Angolares 1942

Paulo Dias de NovaisOn the left side is Paulo Dias de Novais.

Paulo Dias de Novais (c. 1510 – 9 may 1589), a fidalgo of the Royal Household, was a Portuguese colonizer of Africa in the XVI century and the first Captain-Governor of Portuguese Angola. He was the grandson of the explorer Bartolomeu Dias.

Known as the founder of the city of Luanda.

In the late 1550s, as the commander of the squadron, went with the Portuguese embassy in the kingdom of Ndongo, in northern Angola, and lived there for several years.

In 1571, the king appointed Dias as the governor of Angola and ordered him to establish a settlement on its territory. October 23, 1574 Paulo Dias with four hundred soldiers and hundreds of families of settlers sailed from Lisbon to Africa.

Novais arrived in Angola on 11 February 1575. Attracted by the prospect of the famous silver mines of Cambambe, he founded the settlement of São Paulo de Luanda (at the River Basin, District Kwanzaa, where was founded the fort of San-Miguel, and around him - the settlement of São Paulo de Luanda). This Portuguese colony has become a reference point for the Portuguese conquests in the territory of Angola. Even 30 years later, in 1605, it acquired the status of the city Luanda.

In the lower corners are stylized columns.

Against the background is the Angolan savanna.

The soils of the country is very diverse: tropical black, red ironed, sandy red-brown, and others. The vegetation is mostly savannah Angola is. In the north of the coastal strip - shrub savanna to the south it is replaced by grass, then desert savannah, and at the south coast of passes in the Namib Desert. In the inner part of the territory of Angola is dominated by savanna with tall grasses and trees outside forests and islands. In the mountains and valleys of Mayombo Congo tributaries grow tropical rainforests. The fauna is diverse, are found in the savannah elephants, lions, buffaloes, zebras, white and black rhinoceros.

Raphia regalis Raphia regalisOn right and left sides, on foreground are palm trees Raphia regalis.

It is a species of flowering plant in the Arecaceae family. It is found in Angola, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Gabon, and Nigeria. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

At the bottom is the coat of arms of Portugal.

coat portugal

The coat of arms of Portugal was officially adopted on 30 June 1911, along with the republican flag of Portugal. It is based on the coat of arms used by the Portuguese Kingdom since the Middle Ages.

The Portuguese coat of arms is the result of almost a millennium of modifications and alterations. Starting with Henry of Burgundy blue cross on a silver shield, successive elements were added or taken, culminating with the complex heraldic design that was officially adopted in 1911 (after the Republican Revolution of 1910). The two stripes bear the colours of the Portuguese flag: red and green.

Quinas:

After the official recognition of the Kingdom of Portugal as an independent country in 1143 (it had been declared in 1139), silver bezants were added to the Burgundian flag, symbolising coins and the right the monarch had to issue currency, as leader of a sovereign state. Eventually, and given the enormous dynamism of medieval heraldry, it is believed that the shield degraded and lost some elements in battle, eventually losing the cross format. This is how King Sancho I inherited the shield from his father, Afonso Henriques, with no cross and the quinas (the five escutcheons with the silver bezants) in its place.

Later, the number of silver bezants in each escutcheon would be reduced from eleven to five by King Sebastian I, and modern explanations interpret them as the five wounds of Jesus Christ, although this is highly improbable.

Castles:

It was during the reign of Afonso III that the red border with golden castles (not towers, as some sources state) was added. Although the number of castles could vary between eight to twelve, Afonso IV would define them as twelve and Sebastian I would finally fix them as seven. They supposedly represent the Moorish castles conquered by the Kingdom of Portugal during the Reconquista. Their origin is probably Castilian, but unlike Spanish castles, which usually have their gates coloured blue (hence opened), Portuguese castles were always depicted with gold gates (hence closed). As a matter of fact, Afonso III was the second son of King Afonso II of Portugal and thus was not expected to inherit the throne, which was destined to go to his elder brother King Sancho II of Portugal. As a second son, the coat of arms of Afonso III included both the arms of his father and the arms of his mother Urraca of Castile, thus the Castillan red border with golden castillan castles, around the Portuguese shield inherited from his father.

Armillary sphere:

An important element of Portuguese heraldry since the 15th century, the armillary sphere was many times used in Portuguese colonial flags, mainly in Brazil. It was a navigation instrument used to calculate distances and represents the importance of Portugal during the Age of Discovery, as well as the vastness of its colonial empire when the First Republic was implemented.

Although it is commonly used as a "republican" element, as opposed to the monarchist crown in the blue/white flag (see Flag of Portugal), some monarchist flags, such as the flag of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, already depicted armillary spheres. The incorporation of the armillary sphere into the 1816 flag of the United Kingdom of Portugal is related to the adoption of the first flag of the Kingdom of Brazil, an armillary sphere on a blue background.

The coat of arms sported different crowns during imperial rule of Portuguese and foreign crowns:

Pre mid-1500s the coat of arms had an open imperial crown,

Crown of the House of Habsburg,

Various crowns of the House of Braganza (1640-1817),

Crown of João VI (1817-1910).

Denominations in numerals are in all corners, in words centered.

Revers:

2,5 Angolares 1942

Diceros bicornis occidentalisThe south-western black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis occidentalis) is a subspecies of the black rhinoceros, living in southwestern Africa (northern Namibia and southern Angola, introduced to South Africa). It is currently listed as vulnerable by the IUCN. The biggest threat towards the subspecies Diceros bicornis occidentalis is illegal poaching.

This subspecies is often mistaken for either the extinct southern black rhinoceros (D. b. bicornis) or the southeastern subspecies (D. b. minor). However, the populations in the arid areas of northern Namibia and southwestern Angola represent a separate subspecies.

The holotype specimen, a male, was about 16 months old when caught alive by a Mr. Müller in 1914 near the Kunene River (Kaokoveld, border region between Namibia and Angola), and shipped to the Tierpark Hagenbeck, the Hamburg Zoo, in Germany. After its death on 15 October 1916, its hide and skeleton was preserved at the Zoologisches Museum Hamburg (specimen no. 40056) and described as belonging to a new species, Opsiceros occidentalis, by L. Zukowsky in 1922. Opsiceros is an invalid synonym of the genus Diceros.

The south-western black rhino, like all black rhino subspecies, has a distinct prehensile lip and is a browser. Its appearance is similar to other subspecies, the most important difference to them is a relatively broad head behind the eyes and minor features in the dentition. Other characters often mentioned, like body size or the straightness and size of the horns, are subject to individual variation. They also are most adapted to arid habitat and can be found in arid savanna and desert climates.

Historically, this subspecies once roamed in Angola, and Namibia, but their current range has decreased. The stronghold of the species is primarily in Namibia. One to four specimens have been reported from Angola and others were introduced to South Africa. The total population is increasing and numbered to 1920 animals in 2010, with 55.8% adults. Poaching due to increasing horn prices is considered the main threat to the population.

Denominations in numerals are on right and left sides. Lower in words.

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