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10 Krooni 1991, Estonia

in Krause book Number: 72a
Years of issue: 20.06.1992
Signatures: President: Siim Kallas, Noukogu Liige: R. Hagelberg
Serie: 1992 Issue
Specimen of: 1991
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 x 70
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Krooni 1991




The picture of three azure leopards with red tongues in the middle, with golden oak branches placed on both sides (from Estonian coat of arms).


10 Krooni 1991

Jakob Hurt Jakob Hurt Jakob Hurt

The engraving on banknote is made after one of these photos of Jacob Hurt.

Jakob Hurt (22 July [O.S. 10 July] 1839 – 13 January 1907 [O.S. 31 December 1906]) was a notable Estonian folklorist, theologist, and linguist. With respect to the latter, he is perhaps best known for his dissertation on "pure" -ne stem nouns ("Die estnischen Nomina auf -ne purum", 1886).

Also known as the "king of Estonian folklore", Hurt planned the publication in the 1870s of a six volume series called Monumenta Estoniae Antiquae. Hurt organised around 1400 volunteer collectors via a press campaign, who visited almost every house in Livonia collecting around 124,000 pages of folklore. However due to financial difficulties, only two volumes of folk songs were published in 1875-1876, titled "Vana kannel" ("Old Harp"). Two more volumes were subsequently published quite some time later in 1938 and 1941. Hurt also published a three volume collection "Setukeste laulud" ("The Setus' Songs") between 1894 and 1907.

Jakob Hurt was an honorary alumnus on the Estonian Students' Society.


In upper right corner is the emblem of the Bank of Estonia.

In fact, it is the same three azure leopards from coat of arms of the country.

Denominations in numerals are at the top and in lower corners.


10 Krooni 1991

Tamme Lauri tammele

The Tamme-Lauri oak, located in the rural municipality of Urvaste, is Estonia's largest oak tree. It has a circumference of 800 cm., a height of 17 meters and is approximately 800 years old. The trunk has been filled with reinforced concrete.

Tamme Lauri tammele Tamme Lauri tammele Tamme Lauri tammele

Tamme Lauri tammele Tamme Lauri tammele Tamme Lauri tammele

The Tamme-Lauri oak was named after Laurits, the god of fire, who was said to live in the oak and bring misfortune, evil but sometimes good to the surrounding farms. The farm located near the oak is also known as Tamme-Lauri. Signs leading to the site of the oak tree are found along the Urvaste-Kanepi highway. (

Denominations in numeral and in words are at the bottom. In numeral in lower right corner.


The paper of the banknotes contains security fibres of different colour.

The Sketches of the bills in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 Krooni are made by artists Urmas Ploomipuu and Vladimir Taiger. On banknotes are depicted cultural and architectural monuments in Estonia.