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500 Rupees 1977, Indonesia

in Krause book Number: 117
Years of issue: 05.04.1978
Edition: --
Signatures: Gubernur: Mr. Rachmat Saleh, Direktur:Mr. Arifin M. Siregar
Serie: 1977 Serie
Specimen of: 01.10.1977
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 144 x 72
Printer: Perum Percetakan Uang Republik Indonesia (PERURI), Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

500 Rupees 1977

Description

Watermark:

watermark

The museum of Bank of Indonesia in Jakarta.

Bank of Indonesia

The museum of Bank of Indonesia in Jakarta.

De Javasche Bank was formed in 1828 as a circulation bank of the Dutch east indies and was responsible in issuing Netherlands Indies Guldens. The building stand in a plot that formerly was Batavia's Inner Hospital (in Dutch: "Binnenhospital" named inner due to its location being inside the wall) which was built in the early XVIII century and was abandoned in 1780, as the central hospital was moved to Weltevreden. The building was sold to a trade firm Mac Quoid Davidson & Co. in 1801, and later was purchased by De Javasche bank in 1831.

The old hospital building was demolished in the early 20th and on the site a new building designed by Eduard Cuypers was erected. Cuypers was a famed Dutch architect and are keen on experimenting and inserting indigenous Indonesian elements into his design. The building's front facade was completed in 1909 in Neo-Renaissance architecture with Javanese ornaments on its details. The inner court was only changed into its present form after another renovation in 1926.

The bank continued as the acting central bank of Indonesia during the Japanese occupation in 1942 and after the Indonesian declaration of independence in 1945. Its first Rupiah note was printed in 1944 under the Japanese supervision, in an effort to nationalize its identity. After the Netherlands recognize Indonesia's independence in 1950, the Indonesian government agreed to retain De Javasche Bank as central bank of Indonesia. However, with increasing animosity between the two party, the bank was finally nationalized into Bank Indonesia in 1953.

In 1962 a new central bank headquarter building was completed, thus the old building was left to deteriorate. The building was finally restored into a museum in 2006, and was formally opened by the acting president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono on 21 July 2009.

Avers:

500 Rupees 1977

In top right corner is the coat of arms of Indonesia.

garuda

The National emblem of Indonesia is called Garuda Pancasila. The main part of Indonesian national emblem is the Garuda with a heraldic shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its legs. The shield's five emblems represent Pancasila, the five principles of Indonesia's national ideology. The Garuda claws gripping a white ribbon scroll inscribed with the national motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika written in black text, which can be loosely translated as "Unity in Diversity". Garuda Pancasila was designed by Sultan Hamid II from Pontianak, supervised by Sukarno, and was adopted as the national emblem on 11 February 1950.

Garuda, the vehicle (vahana) of Vishnu appears in many temples of ancient Indonesia. Temples such as Mendut, Borobudur, Sajiwan, Prambanan, Penataran, Belahan, and Sukuh depict the images (bas-relief or statue) of Garuda. In Prambanan temple complex there is a single temple located in front of Vishnu temple, dedicated to Garuda. However there is no statue of Garuda inside the chamber today. In the Shiva temple, also in Prambanan complex, there is a relief telling an episode of Ramayana about Garuda's nephew who also belongs to the bird-god race, Jatayu, tried to rescue Sita from Ravana's hand. The deified statue of King Airlangga depicted as Vishnu mounting Garuda from Belahan, probably the most famous statue of Garuda from ancient Java. Now the statue is one of the important collection of Trowulan Museum.

Garuda appear in many traditions and stories, especially in Java and Bali. In many stories Garuda symbolizes the virtue of knowledge, power, bravery, loyalty, and discipline.

VandaOn the left side - Indonesian girl holding orchid Vanda. The same orchids are on the right side, vertically.

Vanda is a genus in the orchid family (Orchidaceae) which, although not massive (about eighty species), is one of the genera more commonly found in the market place. This genus and its allies are considered to be among the most specifically adapted of all orchids within Orchidaceae. The genus is highly prized in horticulture for its showy, fragrant, long lasting, and intensely colorful flowers. Vanda is widespread across East Asia, Southeast Asia, and New Guinea, with a few species extending into Queensland and some of the islands of the western Pacific. The genus is sometimes abbreviated as V. in the floral trade.

Denominations in numerals are centered and in three corners. In words centered.

Revers:

500 Rupees 1977

Bank of IndonesiaThe building of Bank of Indonesia on Jalan M.H. Thamrin, in Jakarta.

The building was built in 1962, when here came from the present building of museum of the Bank of Indonesia, nationalized in 1953, "De Javasche Bank" (which became, after the nationalization the Central Bank of Indonesia).

The Building of Bank Indonesia with a strong pattern as accent, as seen in the vertical columns filled with an array of square shapes that forms a grid which functions as sunscreen around the building. The grid covers large glasses inside. This pattern appears strong and in contrast with the saddle roof, which actually was about to be removed by then President Soekarno during the building’s construction. It is in this main building that the Governor of Bank Indonesia works and the area is not open for public, except for the press conference area for reporters and journalists. Therefore it is our great honor to be able to capture images of the building’s interior throughout the main lobby, that faces Jalan M.H. Thamrin. (antonadianto.wordpress.com)

Lower, left, is Vanda orchid.

Denominations in numerals are in top left corner and on right side. Also lower in words.

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