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10 Quetzales 1990, Guatemala

in Krause book Number: 75b
Years of issue: 03.09.1990
Edition: EA 2500001-EA 3800000: 1 300 000
Signatures: Gerente: Fabian Bernardo Pira Arrivillaga (25.01.1989 - 08.12.1991), Lizardo Arturo Sosa López (19.01.1989 - 25.09.1990), Contralor General de Cuentas: Mario Roberto Illescas Aguirre
Serie: 1990 Issue
Specimen of: 04.01.1989
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 156,5 x 67
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Quetzales 1990




Tecun Uman (Tecún Umán, Tecúm Umán, Tecúm Umam, Tekun Umam etc. 1500? - February 20, 1524) was one of the last rulers of the K'iche' Maya people, in the highlands of what is now Guatemala. According to the Kaqchikel annals, he was slain by Spanish conquistador Pedro de Alvarado while waging battle against the Spanish and their allies on the approach to Quetzaltenango on 12 February 1524. Tecun Uman was declared Guatemala's official national hero on March 22, 1960 and is commemorated on February 20, the popular anniversary of his death. Tecun Uman has inspired a wide variety of activities ranging from the production of statues and poetry to the retelling of the legend in the form of folkloric dances to prayers. Despite this, Tecun Uman's existence is not well documented, and it has proven to be difficult to separate the man from the legend.

Tekun UmanThe image of Tecun Uman for watermark was taken after the statue in the Guatemalan city of Quetzaltenango. The monument was created by Guatemalan painter and sculptor Rafael Yela Günther.


10 Quetzales 1990

Miguel García Granados y ZavalaOn the right side (on the background is a stylized Mayan pyramid) is the portrait of Miguel García Granados y Zavala (September 29, 1809 - September 8, 1878). He was President of Guatemala from 29 June 1871 to 4 June 1873. He was an influential figure in the broad sweep of XIX century Guatemalan history.

To Guatemalans, García Granados was known as a moderate liberal. He had compromised with Rafael Carrera, and always wanted to get along with Vicente Cerna Sandoval, his successor. Failing to get along and known to be sympathetic with the revolt against the government, García Granados fled to exile and was supported by Guatemalan liberals. After going back to Guatemala, García Granados became the leader of the revolution against General Vicente Cerna, eventually becoming known as its philosopher. García Granados played a key part in the regime of Justo Rufino Barrios, the founder of "the army of 45 men". He served as a provisional president from 1871 to 1873 after the liberal victory of Guatemala City. Despite many difficulties, García Granados wanted to regularize the government by constructing a lawful regime. Following in 1872, the president invaded Honduras, where he decreed freedom of the press and expelled the Jesuits.

On the top and left in center are the pictures from Mayas culture.

ketzalAbove is the flying Quetzal bird.

Top right are 2 Braille strips for the visually impaired.

Denominations in numerals are in three corners and centered. Also, centered, in words.


10 Quetzales 1990

Centered is a fragment of the meeting of the National Assembly in 1872.

Various samples of the Maya culture arranged across the banknote.

Denominations in numerals are in three corners. Lower, centered, in words.